World War I United States Military Records, 1917 to 1918Edit This Page

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 United States  >  Military Records  >  World War I, 1917 to 1918 

The United States entered World War I in April 1917. Over 4.7 million men and women served in the regular U.S. forces, national guard units, and draft units. There were 53,402 killed in action, 63,114 deaths from disease and other causes, and about 205,000 wounded. New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, and Ohio furnished the most soldiers. 

Contents

Service Records  

The National Personnel Records Center (NPRC) in St. Louis maintains World War I Official Military Personnel Files (OMPF).

Please Note: On July 12, 1973, a disastrous fire at the NPRC destroyed approximately 16-18 million Official Military Personnel Files. The affected record collections are described below.

NPRC, 1973 Fire
Branch Personnel and Period Affected Estimated Loss
Army Personnel discharged November 1, 1912 to January 1, 1960 80%
Air Force Personnel discharged, September 25, 1947 to January 1, 1964
(with names alphabetically after Hubbard, James E.)
75%

No duplicate copies of the records that were destroyed in the fire were maintained, nor was a microfilm copy ever produced. There were no indexes created prior to the fire. In addition, millions of documents had been lent to the Department of Veterans Affairs before the fire occurred. Therefore, a complete listing of the records that were lost is not available. Nevertheless, NPRC (MPR) uses many alternate sources in its efforts to reconstruct basic service information to respond to requests.

To order records from the National Personnel Records Center, in St. Louis:

  • Written requests (using Standard Form 180, or letter) should be mailed to: National Personnel Records Center, 9700 Page Ave., St. Louis, MO 63132-5100

Access to Military Service Records is limited. See Services for Veterans, Next-of-Kin, or the Veteran's Representative for more information.

Other Sources for Records  

Check with a nearby Veterans Administration for other kinds of records such as hospital and disability records. 

State archives in the state where your ancestor lived may have records. (For addresses, see the state articles.) 

County courthouses may have discharge papers. (For addresses, see Everton'sHandybook for Genealogistsor the internet.) 

You can also contact the state archives in the state where your ancestor lived.

Indexes mentioning some sailors are the following: 

  • Index to Rendezvous Reports, Naval Auxiliary Service, 1917–1918. National Archives Microfilm Publication T1100. (Family History Library film 1380690.) Lists the name, enlistment date, date of assignment, and place. 
  • Index to Rendezvous Reports, Armed Guard Personnel, 1917–1920. National Archives Microfilm Publication T1101. (Family History Library films 1380696–98.) Lists the name, enlistment date, rank, dates of service, and name of vessel served on.

Awards  

Navy WWI Victory Medal 

Casualties

Unknown total casulaties, but estimated at 118,500 

World War I Honor Roll by the American Battle Monuments Commission      http://www.abmc.gov/search/wwi.php Database of 33,717 casualties buried in their cemeteries or listed on the Walls of the Missing. 

Minorites  

The following Internet sites have information about minorities during WWI:
 

Black Soldiers in WWI 

Government Documents Library 

Prisoners of War  

There is no complete list of prisoners of war (POWs). However there are several partial lists. The following site lists POWs. Click on POW, then a state. Gives name, rank, and name and address of next of kin. 

Access Genealogy 

To find other lists, do a Google search for US POWS WWII [country where a prisoner]. Also try by spelling out US, POWs, and WWII. 

Women  

Women and War 

Women in World War One 

Women and the US Navy, WWI Era[1]  

Pension Records  

The Department of Veteran Affairs has benefit claims files. Veteran files are located at the regional office closest to the residence of the veteran at the time of application. Ask the staff at the Veterans Affairs office in your area for help in obtaining copies of papers in the files. The staff can process requests of families of veterans. To find phone numbers and addresses look in the following source: 

  • Johnson, Richard S. How to Locate Anyone Who Is or Has Been in the Military. (7th ed. Ft. Sam Houston, Tex.: Military Information Enterprises, 1996). (Family History Library book 973 M27j 1996.) This book discusses various methods and addresses to locate and contact present and former military members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, and Reserve components.

Draft Records  

Twenty-four million men who were born between 13 September 1873 and 12 September 1900 (between the ages of 18 and 45) registered for the draft. A good index for men born between 1872 and 1899 is the WWI draft registration cards. There were 3 registrations:
               1917 (June 5) for men ages 21-31 (give birth years)
               1918 (June) for men who reached age 21 since previous registration
               1918 (12 Sep) for men ages 18-45 

Draft registration index and images are available online at ancestry.com ($)  Check with a regional family history center or public library for free access. 

Draft registration records are available for a fee by sending a “World War I Registration Card Request” form to: 

National Archives Southeast Region (Atlanta)
    1557 St. Joseph Avenue
    East Point, GA 30344
    Telephone: 404-763-7477 

The Family History Library has acquired this collection as well. 

  • World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917–1918. National Archives Microfilm Publication M1509. (Family History Library 4,383 films.) To find specific microfilm numbers, look in the Locality search of the Family History Library Catalog under: UNITED STATES - MILITARY RECORDS - WORLD WAR, 1914–1918 [STATE] - MILITARY RECORDS - WORLD WAR, 1914–1918 - REGISTERS

How to Find a Draft Card  

To find an individual’s draft card, you must know his name and residence at the time of registration. The records are arranged by state, county, and surname (alphabetically within each draft board). Most counties had only one board; large cities had more. There was a draft board for every 30,000 people. Finding your ancestor’s street address in a city directory will help you determine the board number if he lived in a large city. To find board numbers for Chicago, New York, and 35 other major cities, see: United States. Selective Service System. 

  • United States of America Maps of World War I Draft Registration Boards'.Salt Lake City, Utah: The Genealogical Society of Utah, 1989. (Family History Library film 1498803.) 
  • Register of World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. (Family History Library 973 M2frd  2nd & 3rd Ref. Area)

Information in a draft card  

A typical card has the man’s full name and signature, home address, age, birth date, citizenship status, occupation, employer’s name and address, race, dependents or nearest relative, and physical description. For registrants born between 6 June 1886 and 28 August 1897 (45 percent of the total), the cards also give city or town, state, and nation of birth; previous military service; and marital status. 

Census Records
 

The 1930 and 1940 federal population censuses identify veterans. Microfilm copies of the 1940 census are not available. Authorized representatives or heirs can request a search by using form BC-600, “Application for Search of Census Records.” It is available from: 

Bureau of the Census
    P.O. Box 1545
    Jeffersonville, IN 47131
    Telephone: 812-285-5314 


 

Allies and Adversaries  


Allied countries and armed forces  with links to brief WWI histories, including the casualty
numbers.
 

State Records  

The Family History Library has some indexes and records from county courthouses, state archives, and state offices of the adjutant general. For example, the library has the following: 

  • Michigan. State Library. World War I Card Index. (Family History Library films 1001930–66.) Contains name, address, and county: some have the soldier’s parents’ names and residence if the soldier is deceased. This is a card file at the Michigan State Archives.

Similar collections are described in the military sections for the various states under STATE NAME - MILITARY RECORDS.

Cemetery and Death Records  

Sources about soldiers who died in the war include the following: 

Societies  

American War Dead Commission
Lists those buried overseas in the American military cemeteries and those who died during the Korean War.
Also lists the Missing in Action from World War I, World War II, Korean War and Vietnam War. 

Uniforms  

Navy Uniforms in WWI 

Sources for Further Reading  

Branches of the Military  

Air Force  

Internet sites with information about the US Air Force during WWI: 

WWI Air Force - history and discussion of the air forces of various countries with links to specific US sites. 

Army  

Internet sites with information about the US Army during WWI: 

National Guard   

Navy including Coast Guard and Marines  

Internet sites with information about Naval Aviation 

Websites  

 


 

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