Wyoming Occupations

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Occupation names have changed over the years.  Here is a list that may be helpful in identifying an ancestor's occupation. Many early settlers were farmers or ranchers but other occupations such as a blacksmith could help identify the correct ancestor, especially for those ancestors with a common name.
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Old Occupations Explained<br>
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Accomptant -- Accountant<br>Almoner -- Giver of charity to the needy<br>Amanuensis -- Secretary or stenographer<br>Artificer -- A soldier mechanic who does repairs<br>Bailie -- Bailiff<br>Baxter -- Baker<br>Bluestocking -- Female writer<br>Boniface -- Keeper of an inn<br>Brazier -- One who works with brass<br>Brewster -- Beer manufacturer<br>Brightsmith -- Metal Worker<br>Burgonmaster -- Mayor<br>Caulker -- One who filled up cracks (in ships or windows or seems to them watertight by using tar or oakum-hemp fiber produced by taking old ropes apart<br>Chaisemaker -- Carriage maker<br>Chandler -- Dealer or trader; one who makes or sells candles; retailer of groceries<br>Chiffonnier -- Wig maker<br>Clark -- Clerk<br>Clerk -- Clergyman, cleric<br>Clicker -- The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite customers; one who received the matter in the galley from the compositors and arranged it in due form ready for printing; one who makes eyelet holes in boots using a machine which clicked.<br>Cohen -- Priest (descendant of Levi)<br>Collier -- Coal miner<br>Colporteur -- Peddler of books<br>Cooper -- One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves and hoops, such as casks, barrels, tubs, etc.<br>Cordwainer -- Shoemaker, originally any leather worker using leather from Cordova/Cordoba in Spain<br>Costermonger -- Peddler of fruits and vegetables<br>Crocker -- Potter<br>Crowner -- Coroner<br>Currier -- One who dresses the coat of a horse with a currycomb; one who tanned leather by incorporating oil or grease<br>Docker Stevedore, dock worker who loads and unloads cargo<br>Dowser -- One who finds water using a rod or witching stick<br>Draper -- A dealer in dry goods<br>Drayman -- One who drives a long strong cart without fixed sides for carrying heavy loads<br>Dresser -- A surgeon's assistant in a hospital<br>Drover -- One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market; a dealer in cattle<br>Duffer -- Peddler<br>Factor -- Agent, commission merchant; one who acts or transacts business for another; Scottish steward or bailiff of an estate Farrier A blacksmith, one who shoes horses<br>Faulkner -- Falconer<br>Fell monger -- One who removes hair or wool from hides in preparation for leather making<br>Fletcher -- One who made bows and arrows<br>Fuller -- One who fulls cloth;one who shrinks and thickens woolen cloth by moistening, heating, and pressing; one who cleans and finishes cloth<br>Gaoler -- A keeper of the goal, a jailer<br>Glazier -- Window glassman<br>Hacker -- Maker of hoes<br>Hatcheler -- One who combed out or carded flax<br>Haymonger -- Dealer in hay<br>Hayward -- Keeper of fences<br>Higgler -- Itinerant peddler<br>Hillier -- Roof tiler<br>Hind -- A farm laborer<br>Hostler -- A groom who took care of horses, often at an inn<br>Hooker -- Reaper<br>Hooper -- One who made hoops for casks and barrels<br>Huckster -- Sells small wares<br>Husbandman -- A farmer who cultivated the land<br>Jagger -- Fish peddler<br>Journeyman -- One who had served his apprenticeship and mastered his craft, not bound to serve a master, but hired by the day<br>Joyner / Joiner A skilled carpenter<br>Keeler -- Bargeman<br>Kempster -- Wool comber<br>Lardner -- Keeper of the cupboard<br>Lavender -- Washer woman<br>Lederer -- Leather maker<br>Leech -- Physician<br>Longshoreman -- Stevedore<br>Lormer -- Maker of horse gear<br>Malender -- Farmer<br>Maltster -- Brewer<br>Manciple -- A steward<br>Mason -- Bricklayer<br>Mintmaster -- One who issued local currency<br>Monger -- Seller of goods (ale, fish)<br>Muleskinner -- Teamster<br>Neatherder -- Herds cows<br>Ordinary Keeper -- Innkeeper with fixed prices<br>Pattern Maker -- A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end<br>Peregrinator Itinerant wanderer<br>Peruker -- A wig maker<br>Pettifogger -- A shyster lawyer<br>Pigman -- Crockery dealer<br>Plumber -- One who applied sheet lead for roofing and set lead frames for plain or stained glass windows.<br>Porter -- Door keeper<br>Puddler -- Wrought iron worker<br>Quarrier -- Quarry worker<br>Rigger -- Hoist tackle worker<br>Ripper -- Seller of fish<br>Roper -- Maker of rope or nets<br>Saddler -- One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other furnishings for horses<br>Sawbones -- Physician<br>Sawyer -- One who saws; carpenter<br>Schumacker -- Shoemaker<br>Scribler -- A minor or worthless author<br>Scrivener -- Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public<br>Scrutiner -- Election judge<br>Shrieve -- Sheriff<br>Slater -- Roofer<br>Slopseller -- Seller of ready-made clothes in a slop shop<br>Snobscat/Snob -- One who repaired shoes<br>Sorter -- Tailor<br>Spinster -- A woman who spins or an unmarried woman<br>Spurrer -- Maker of spurs<br>Squire -- Country gentleman; farm owner; justice of peace<br>Stuff gown -- Junior barrister<br>Stuff gownsman -- Junior barrister<br>Supercargo -- Officer on merchant ship who is in charge of cargo and the commercial concerns of the ship<br>Tanner -- One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather<br>Tapley -- One who puts the tap in an ale cask<br>Tasker -- Reaper<br>Teamster -- One who drives a team for hauling<br>Thatcher -- Roofer<br>Tide waiter -- Customs inspector<br>Tinker -- An itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman<br>Tipstaff -- Policeman<br>Travers -- Toll bridge collection<br>Tucker -- Cleaner of cloth goods<br>Turner -- A person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles<br>Victualer -- A tavern keeper, or one who provides an army, navy, or ship with food<br>Vulcan -- Blacksmith<br>Wagoner -- Teamster not for hire<br>Wainwright -- Wagon maker<br>Waiter -- Customs officer or tide waiter; one who waited on the tide to collect duty on goods brought in<br>Waterman -- Boatman who plies for hire<br>Webster -- Operator of looms<br>Wharfinger -- Owner of a wharf<br>Wheelwright -- One who made or repaired wheels; wheeled carriages, etc.<br>Whitesmith -- Tinsmith; worker of iron who finishes or polishes the work<br>Whitewing -- Street sweeper
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Source:&nbsp;http://usgenweb.org/research/occupations.shtml<br>
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<br>Whitster -- Bleach of cloth<br>Wright -- Workman, especially a construction worker<br>Yeoman -- Farmer who owns his own land

Revision as of 00:57, 7 November 2013

United States > Wyoming > Wyoming Occupations


Occupation names have changed over the years.  Here is a list that may be helpful in identifying an ancestor's occupation. Many early settlers were farmers or ranchers but other occupations such as a blacksmith could help identify the correct ancestor, especially for those ancestors with a common name.


Old Occupations Explained

Accomptant -- Accountant
Almoner -- Giver of charity to the needy
Amanuensis -- Secretary or stenographer
Artificer -- A soldier mechanic who does repairs
Bailie -- Bailiff
Baxter -- Baker
Bluestocking -- Female writer
Boniface -- Keeper of an inn
Brazier -- One who works with brass
Brewster -- Beer manufacturer
Brightsmith -- Metal Worker
Burgonmaster -- Mayor
Caulker -- One who filled up cracks (in ships or windows or seems to them watertight by using tar or oakum-hemp fiber produced by taking old ropes apart
Chaisemaker -- Carriage maker
Chandler -- Dealer or trader; one who makes or sells candles; retailer of groceries
Chiffonnier -- Wig maker
Clark -- Clerk
Clerk -- Clergyman, cleric
Clicker -- The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite customers; one who received the matter in the galley from the compositors and arranged it in due form ready for printing; one who makes eyelet holes in boots using a machine which clicked.
Cohen -- Priest (descendant of Levi)
Collier -- Coal miner
Colporteur -- Peddler of books
Cooper -- One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves and hoops, such as casks, barrels, tubs, etc.
Cordwainer -- Shoemaker, originally any leather worker using leather from Cordova/Cordoba in Spain
Costermonger -- Peddler of fruits and vegetables
Crocker -- Potter
Crowner -- Coroner
Currier -- One who dresses the coat of a horse with a currycomb; one who tanned leather by incorporating oil or grease
Docker Stevedore, dock worker who loads and unloads cargo
Dowser -- One who finds water using a rod or witching stick
Draper -- A dealer in dry goods
Drayman -- One who drives a long strong cart without fixed sides for carrying heavy loads
Dresser -- A surgeon's assistant in a hospital
Drover -- One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market; a dealer in cattle
Duffer -- Peddler
Factor -- Agent, commission merchant; one who acts or transacts business for another; Scottish steward or bailiff of an estate Farrier A blacksmith, one who shoes horses
Faulkner -- Falconer
Fell monger -- One who removes hair or wool from hides in preparation for leather making
Fletcher -- One who made bows and arrows
Fuller -- One who fulls cloth;one who shrinks and thickens woolen cloth by moistening, heating, and pressing; one who cleans and finishes cloth
Gaoler -- A keeper of the goal, a jailer
Glazier -- Window glassman
Hacker -- Maker of hoes
Hatcheler -- One who combed out or carded flax
Haymonger -- Dealer in hay
Hayward -- Keeper of fences
Higgler -- Itinerant peddler
Hillier -- Roof tiler
Hind -- A farm laborer
Hostler -- A groom who took care of horses, often at an inn
Hooker -- Reaper
Hooper -- One who made hoops for casks and barrels
Huckster -- Sells small wares
Husbandman -- A farmer who cultivated the land
Jagger -- Fish peddler
Journeyman -- One who had served his apprenticeship and mastered his craft, not bound to serve a master, but hired by the day
Joyner / Joiner A skilled carpenter
Keeler -- Bargeman
Kempster -- Wool comber
Lardner -- Keeper of the cupboard
Lavender -- Washer woman
Lederer -- Leather maker
Leech -- Physician
Longshoreman -- Stevedore
Lormer -- Maker of horse gear
Malender -- Farmer
Maltster -- Brewer
Manciple -- A steward
Mason -- Bricklayer
Mintmaster -- One who issued local currency
Monger -- Seller of goods (ale, fish)
Muleskinner -- Teamster
Neatherder -- Herds cows
Ordinary Keeper -- Innkeeper with fixed prices
Pattern Maker -- A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end
Peregrinator Itinerant wanderer
Peruker -- A wig maker
Pettifogger -- A shyster lawyer
Pigman -- Crockery dealer
Plumber -- One who applied sheet lead for roofing and set lead frames for plain or stained glass windows.
Porter -- Door keeper
Puddler -- Wrought iron worker
Quarrier -- Quarry worker
Rigger -- Hoist tackle worker
Ripper -- Seller of fish
Roper -- Maker of rope or nets
Saddler -- One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other furnishings for horses
Sawbones -- Physician
Sawyer -- One who saws; carpenter
Schumacker -- Shoemaker
Scribler -- A minor or worthless author
Scrivener -- Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public
Scrutiner -- Election judge
Shrieve -- Sheriff
Slater -- Roofer
Slopseller -- Seller of ready-made clothes in a slop shop
Snobscat/Snob -- One who repaired shoes
Sorter -- Tailor
Spinster -- A woman who spins or an unmarried woman
Spurrer -- Maker of spurs
Squire -- Country gentleman; farm owner; justice of peace
Stuff gown -- Junior barrister
Stuff gownsman -- Junior barrister
Supercargo -- Officer on merchant ship who is in charge of cargo and the commercial concerns of the ship
Tanner -- One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather
Tapley -- One who puts the tap in an ale cask
Tasker -- Reaper
Teamster -- One who drives a team for hauling
Thatcher -- Roofer
Tide waiter -- Customs inspector
Tinker -- An itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman
Tipstaff -- Policeman
Travers -- Toll bridge collection
Tucker -- Cleaner of cloth goods
Turner -- A person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles
Victualer -- A tavern keeper, or one who provides an army, navy, or ship with food
Vulcan -- Blacksmith
Wagoner -- Teamster not for hire
Wainwright -- Wagon maker
Waiter -- Customs officer or tide waiter; one who waited on the tide to collect duty on goods brought in
Waterman -- Boatman who plies for hire
Webster -- Operator of looms
Wharfinger -- Owner of a wharf
Wheelwright -- One who made or repaired wheels; wheeled carriages, etc.
Whitesmith -- Tinsmith; worker of iron who finishes or polishes the work
Whitewing -- Street sweeper


Source: http://usgenweb.org/research/occupations.shtml



Whitster -- Bleach of cloth
Wright -- Workman, especially a construction worker
Yeoman -- Farmer who owns his own land