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The second half of the 18th and the first half of the 19th centuries were characterised by rapid increase in population, urbanisation and impressive industrial growth. It was also a period of rising crime rates and grave concerns about criminality. This podcast takes researchers through the various stages of the criminal justice system of the period and focuses on the various records created, from the commission of a crime, through the court processes and on to the records of punishment. Jeff James is Director of Operations and Services at The National Archives, and has previously worked as Head of Operations at The British Library, in the University sector and as a Submariner in the Royal Navy. Jeff has an MA in History from the University of Hertfordshire and has a particular interest in 18th and 19th century crime and poverty.
This talk covers the period from the mid-17th century to the present day and explains the different legal courts and types of cases they heard. Illustrations of individual cases with images of the associated legal documents held at The National Archives are included. Nigel Taylor is a legal records specialist at The National Archives, giving advice on records for criminals and for civil litigation cases. He also specialises in records of wills and death duty records. He has worked at The National Archives for over 20 years.
London's Metropolitan Police service was formed in 1829. This talk provides an overview of how crime was dealt with before this date, and how to trace the records of our Metropolitan Police ancestors at The National Archives.