Pilgrim Fathers of Kittery, Maine
Kittery In compiling each town history, at times I have had to use several sources. The following was by far the most descriptive and a little one sided. “Kittery forms the extreme south-western part of York County, and of Maine. Falmouth is four times as big as Kittery for Quantity of Land, and Many more Inhabitants. The Situation of the Place exceeds all others in the County for Trading by Sea to all parts, and Supplys of all Sorts of Lumber by land; Salt and fresh rivers, with Profitable Mills, Timber, Wood and every Commodity that the land can produce, and fish of all Sorts, (when and where they Please to Catch them.) It abounds with good farms, and Cattle; Trade and Merchan. dize, both by Sea and land. The Place (as well as the People) is the beauty and riches and Strength of the County. Eight Military Campanies in Town, besides numbers of Gentlemen not liable to Military Command. A Commodious Harbour for Ships: Daily they are increaseing in numbers and Wealth; Which is not Possible for Kittery to do, for Kittery Produces nothing to trade upon, unless they Should Sell one another for Slaves, as the Africans do. There is nothing of all this in Kittery. No Person live- ing can Show that Kittery Does produce any one Commodity to trade upon of any Sort; but poor Widows and Orphans they have in Plenty, more than any other Town in the County. The Province Bills never Depreciated in their Value, So much as Kittery has Depreciated in It's Value. It has nothing to Show but Integrity and Honesty for its Support ; and Poverty for its Defence.” Collections of the Maine Historical Society-1856. John Tidy (ID # LW3R-L1W) and his family lived here many years and gave their name to "Tidy's Swamp" near by. The surname has been long extinct, though there are many descendants. March 5, 1699, the town granted to John Morrell thirty acres north of Christopher Hanfield's, fronting on the river seventeen poles. Morrell sold this to Tidy in 1710. It seems that Abraham Conley owned some marsh next above Tidy, three and a half acres of which he sold to Peter Wittum in 1672. In 1679 the forty acres bought of Wittum were deeded to Timothy Hodsdon. The Life and Times of John Fothergill, Quaker, was published in Philadelphia in 1754. Thus we learn that there were several families of ‘Friends’ in Kittery and Berwick as early as 1721. It is said that regular religious services were established among the Friends in what is now upper Eliot in 1730. A list of Quakers allowed by the Selectmen is found in the town records under date of 10May 1734 included Peter Wittum . “This Sandy river country, pleasant by nature, grows with rapidity. And well it may. How little do the owners of mean farms in old towns, consult their interest in abiding at home ! Preached from Acts 17: 30, 31, to a very attentive audience. The preacher and his works were sufficiently esteemed. May truth do good. Eode back down the river with Benjamin With-am, the same as Wit-ham, pronounced correctly Whith- am, and put up with him. This was a serious family. Family worship, consisting of reading, singing and praying, was performed with much solemnity and religious thanksgiving. Mr. Witham appeared really devout, and when I left, we parted with great affection. He has a very rich farm, with about thirty acres of improved interval, which is too rich for wheat, until planted once or twice. There are several islands in Sandy river—one of nearly thirty acres. Norridgwogg. Mr. Jno. Clark. Mr. Witham rode with me to this, about seven miles from his house. We rode on the west side of the river. Mr. Clark's and the meeting house are on the east side. Carritunk settlement is nearly twenty miles from this, and Carritunk falls about twelve- Norridgwogg is a town, tolerably pleasant, of about one hundred families.” (Collections of the Maine Historical Society) The names of Barter, Conley, Crockett, Deering and Heard are found throughout the history of “Old Kittery and Her Families” . . Roger DEERING (ID # LCJ1-VJR) was born in 1624 in Of Townstall, Dartmouth, Devon, England... He married Joanne PALMER on 30 Aug 1647 in We know that Roger Deering was a shipwright and mariner from Townstall, Dartmouth, England He was taxed in Townstall, 1649-63 and 1671-72. Suits in the Dartmouth, England courts up to 1663 show that he was a contracting shipbuilder there before coming to the Piscataqua ,Kittery, Maine. The history of Old Kittery (page 338) Lieut. Roger signed the petition of 1673, administered his father’s.will. His father George was a planter and shipwright who came from England about 1635 and settled at Black Point in Scarborough county. It is likely that he built ships in Maine, sailed them back to Dartmouth, England, and sold them there. Here he was called 'Mate Dearing' in 1665; and in the probate papers in Dartmouth, 20 May 1679, when his widow was about to come over, he is termed mariner. So needless to say, Roger bounced around a lot. The first record of Roger in Maine is 4 November 1663 when he witnessed a mortgage, along with his brother-in-law John Jackson. Roger was here 19 Nov. 1665, and here in 1667. Though there is no deed showing he owned land at Kittery, Maine, there is a record dated 5 June 1669 conveying a parcel of land at Kittery "between the land of John Bray and Roger Deering." On 1 July 1673, Roger was in Maine court for not going home to his wife. The first appearance of Roger in the official records of Kittery, Maine was in October of 1673 when he signed a petition regarding the selection of a preacher. ( Roger moved to Scarborough about 1700, where he bought of Robert Jordan in 1716 the St. Savior’s Ch, Dartmouth, Devon, England. “Nonesuch Farm” of 2,000 acres. He was buried on 26 Jun 1676 in Kittery . Joanne PALMER was born in 1628 in Townstall, D, D, England. She died in 1713 in Kittery, Cumberland, Me. JOANE (PALMER) DEERING (ID # LCJ1-VX4)was in England when her husband died in Kittery, Maine 26 June 1676. Probate records of Dartmouth, co. Devon, England, dated 20 May 1679 state that she was preparing to leave for Maine with two of her children, Sarah and Joseph. Most of her children were already at Kittery and administration of Roger's estate was granted to his eldest son, Roger "at Pischataqua" (Kittery) on 4 July 1676. Joane Palmer parents, Clement and Sarah (Pettigrew), both left wills. Three years after Roger's death, Joane's brother-in-law, John Jackson, brought her over, with her children Sarah and Joseph on the Hannah & Elizabeth- arriving August 1679. She kept tavern on Kittery Point, Maine both before and after she married William Crafts. William Crafts' license to keep an 'ordinary' (a combination of an Inn and a tavern) was renewed on 26 May 1685 and after his death in 1696, Joane continued in the business of an inn-keeper. Her inn was "near the meeting house" at Kittery Point, Maine. She lived until about 1714, being taken care of by her daughter Sarah for 14 years. (Descendants of Roger Deering) "23 Feb 1691, administration was granted to William Crafts and his wife on the estate of John Deering deceased, son of the said Crafts and his wife. Mary Deering age about 78, deposed that "Thirty-three years past Joan Crafts lived in the house where John Hix and his mother, Sarah now live, and that about fourteen years past the said Crafts died in possession of said house, reputed to be the estate of Joseph Deering.” William Craft license to keep an ordinary was renewed. May 26, 1785, and after his death Joan Craft continued in the business of an in-keeper. Here in was "near the meeting house." (Old Kittery and Her Families- page 338) James HEARD (ID # KNHX-3ZF) was born in 1631 in Sturgeon Creek, York, Maine. He died on 21Oct1669 in Of, Kittery, York, Maine. He was buried on 21 Oct 1676 in Of Kittery, York Co, Maine. He married Susanna CONLEY about 1660 in Kittery, Maine. Susanna CONLEY was born in 1640 in Of Dover, Strafford, New Hampshire. She died on 3 Jul 1729 in Prob. Dover, Strafford, New Hampshire. She was buried in , , , Kittery. Her father was Abraham Conley and was one of the names of those admitted in Kittery. John Heard was a master carpenter. His age is unknown, but his wife was born in 1628. In 1647, John was fined for calling Edward Godfrey, Governor of York County, Maine, "Old Knave". (Much is written of Godfrey in Noyes, "Dictionary of ME & NH". John was also in trouble for criticizing Captain. Champernowne. (his genealogy is in Heard File) First settled as early as 1623, the southern part of Kittery was once called Champernowne's after Sir Francis Champernowne, a prominent pioneer and landowner. Nicholas Shapleigh built the first house in the area, and Edward Godfrey established a trading post in 1632. Early professions included fishermen, hunters and trappers. Others harvested the region's abundant timber which was shipped to England or the West Indies. Kittery was incorporated in 1652 when Maine became part of Massachusetts. John was fined 30£ June, 1647 for speaking against a man. In October of 1650, John was sued by Wither's attorney for burning a house. Judgment was for John to rebuild the house. It is thought he burned it because after building it, he was not paid. In 1650 John Heard was living on Champernowne's Island in Kittery, and was buying lands in York. His deed from a Mr. Hook, 18 July 1650, states he had already built and fenced there. He had left York in June 1648 when he sold his York home to John Parker, carpenter, of Marblehead, but was back again in 1651. In Dover, NH, where he was permanently settled by 1654, he was much relied on by Major Waldren. John Heard's "mark" on legal papers was a carpenter's square. "Illustrated Hist. of York Co., ME", "The first selectmen of Kittery, after incorporation in 1647 were Nicholas Shapleigh, John Heard, and Nicholas Frost." His wife, Elizabeth (HULL), daughter of Reverend Joseph Hull, is common. by Reverends Cotton Mather and John Pike. His will, dated 3 March 1676, was probated 21 Feb 1676. It wills all his property to the children of James. James died before his father’s will was made, His father’s will reads Will of John Heard In the name of God Amen/ I John Heard of Kittery in the County of Yorke, In New England yeamon, being by the prouidence of god by reason of age weake of body, but of Prfect mind & memory, & with out frawd & deceate, & not knowing how it may please ye Lord to deale with mee, as to matters of this life, Now to take mee out of this troublesome & transitory world, to whose Most gratious dispensations, I do humbly submitt, wr for I Commit & Commend my soule into the hands of god yt gaue it, & my body to Christean buriall, ordering & appoynting this Present Instrumt to bee my last will & testament, in manner & forme following/ Inprs : I giue & bequeath my grandaughters Mary & Elizabeth, daughters to my well beloued sonn James Heard late whilst hee liued of Kittery in New England, aforesd deceased, all my Land Improued & not Improued, being by Computation sixty Acres, or yr abouts bee It more or lesse, lijng or scituate in Kittery aforesd, at a place Commanly Called & known by the name of Tomsons Poynt, imediately from & after the decease of Jon Ross, which sd land or part yr of, is now in the houlding possession & Occupation of the sd John Ross, togeather also with an house Erected, & built yron for ye tearme of his Naturall life; with all & singular ye profitts, & Commoditys belonging & apprtajneing yrunto, to bee aequally diuided amongst them & yr heyres, or to the suruiuer of them, & yr heyrs for euer, ye Ellder always to bee Preferred before ye younger, & ye Males before ye females/ Source: Maine Wills, 1640-1760 (Portland, Me., 1887), p. 71, citing Registry of Deeds, 5, 20.] . Charles NELSON was born about 1634 in Of Kittery, , Maine. Thomas Crockett The first person bearing this surname to appear in New England was Thomas Crockett, (ID # LCC1-1VD)who came over in a ship called the Pied Cow, as a servant of Capt. John Mason, the owner of the Piscataqua Plantation, in 1633. According to court dispositions he was born 13 January 1606 in Stroke Gabriel, Devonshire, England. He received from Ambrose Giddons, Mason's agent, 23, where he had "e weeks diet" of John Pickering at a cost of 12 shillings. He received a gift of land from Thomas Georges in 1641. Signed submission of York in 1652. His grant of land was the east side of Spruce Creek in Kittery, since called "Crockett's Neck." He was constable in 1657. Thomas lived at Warehouse Point in Kittery and his lands there were designed at Crockett'a neck, Crockett's Cove, and Crockett's Creeks; the two latter names to the same locality at high and low water. North of the Neck there was an inlet know as Crockett's Brack Cove. When he died in 1679 his widow, Ann, administered on his estate, and was married before 1682 to Giggory Jeffreys of Kittery Point. She was living in 1712. His (Crockett's lands and Crockett's Neck were divided among his sons and sons-in- law. Here, then, wefind the coachman who became the common progenitor of all who bear his surname in NewEngland, seated by the seaside in "Old Kittery," and we may assume with plausibility that he subsisted by using the hoe and fish-hook from1633-1679, a period of 46 years and up to his age of 73 years. Thomas Crockett had a family of eight children of whom record has been found. Reference: The Crockett Family by Donna Hopkins Scott. Thomas married Ann GUNNISON . Ann was born in 1617 in of Kittery, Maine. She died in 1712. Their son Ephraim CROCKETT was born in 1641 in Kittery, York, Me. He died on 17 Jul 1688 in Kittery, York, Maine. He was a tailor by trade. He married before 1672, Ann who was born in 1643 in Kittery. _____ and had issue: Richard who settled in Exeter and Strattam, N.H.. and whose wife was Deborah Haley, the daughter of that Andrew Halley who was called the "King of the Isle of Scoals." Samuel Crockett, son of Richard, was the ancestor of the three Crockett families in Gorham, Me., of whom more presently. Ephraim Crockett's will was drawn 17 July 1678, and the inventory of his estate dated 10 Sept. 1688. He gave his house, lands and salt marsh at Braveboat Harbor, which he purchased of Captain Champernown, for an inheritance to his eldest son Ephraim. He gave son Richard 40 acres lying near the "mast way" and one cow. To his daughters he gave 20 pounds each to be paid by Ephraim at the death of his widow. The will mentions and confirms a piece of land on his father's "neck" assigned as marriage portions to Ann Roberts and Sarah Parrot. Joshua Crockett, his brother, overseer of his will. Ephraim's scriptural name was perpetuated in the families of his descendants. . Nicholas COLE (ID # K8B3-QXY) was born in 1636 in Of Wells, York, Maine. He died on 11 May 1704 in Wells, York, Maine. He was buried in Of Wells, York Co, Maine. He married Mrs. Nicholas COLE. She was born about 1632 in Of Wells, York, Maine. She died before 1688. There is Cole history recorded in the following books, but nothing to mention our Nicholas other than to list him. The Pioneers of Maine and New Hampshire 1623-1660 by POPE page 42: COLE, COALE, COOLE Nicholas, Senior, Wells, took oath of allegiance to Mass. govt. 5 July 1653. He deposed 23 Dec. 1678, ae. about 52 years. [York Deeds III.] Sold a tract of land 25 June, 1669, reserving a "burying place for his generation." His son Nicholas sold a tract 17 Feb 1700, which had been originally laid out to his father.