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Union provost marshals' file of papers relating to two or more civilians

Manuscript/Manuscript on Film
English
Washington, D.C. : National Archives & Records Administration, 1964
94 microfilm reels ; 35 mm.
National Archives microfilm publications; M0416

Notes

United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Two or More Civilians are available online, click here.

Microfilm of original records in The National Archives, Washington, District of Columbia.

In this ..."microfilm publication are reproduced a series of documents dated 1861-1867, each of which pertains to two or more civilians"--Introd.

"The provost marshals who served in territorial commands, armies, and Army corps were military police. They sought out and arrested deserters, Confederate spies, and civilians suspected of disloyalty; investigated the theft of government property; controlled the passage of civilians in military zones and those using government transport- ation; confined prisoners; and maintained records of paroles and oaths of allegiance. Provost courts were established in some territorial commands to try cases involving civilian violators of military orders, the laws of war, and other offenses arising under the military jurisdiction. They also tried cases involving military personnel accused of civil crimes"--Introd.

"The documents here reproduced relate to civilians, or 'citizens,' as they were called during the Civil War, who came in contact with the Army. They include correspondence, provost court papers, lists of prisoners, orders, passes, paroles, oaths of allegiance, transportation permits, and claims for compensation for property used or destroyed by military forces"--Introd.

"The series here reproduced is composed of the following parts: (1) An incomplete place and subject index, on roll 1, to some the numbered documents; (2) Documents numbered and in numerical order from 1 to 22737, those on rolls 2-72 being arranged chronologically by year and month from March 1861 to December 1866, and those on rolls 73-83 arranged partly in chronological order; (3) Unnumbered documents, on roll 83, arranged chronologically by month from January to October 1867; (4) Lists of civilian prisoners confined by the Middle Department, 8th Army Corps, at Baltimore, Md., bearing various numbers between 7893 and 21616, on rolls 84-86, arranged chronologically by year and month from January 1864 to December 1865; (5) Papers relating to civilians confined in military prisons, 1862- 65, on rolls 87-94, arranged alphabetically by the location of the prison, from Alton, Ill., to Wheeling, W. Va.; and (6) Documents relating to the confiscation and destruction of property in Missouri by Confederate forces in 1864, on roll 94, the first part being arranged alphabetically in three subseries by the name of the claimant, and the second part unarranged"--Introd.

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