27th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Gaillard's)
27th Infantry Regiment was formed at Charleston, South Carolina, in September, 1863, by consolidating the Charleston Infantry Battalion and the 1st South Carolina Battalion Sharpshooters. The unit was assigned to General Hagood's Brigade  .
Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
A Company - (also known as Calhoun Guards): Captain Francis T. Miles; Captain Barnwell W. Palmer; Captain J. Waring Axon
B Company - (also know as the Charleston Light Infantry): Captain Thomas Y. Simons
C Company - (also known as Union Light Infantry Volunteers) (German Fusiliers were attached to this company): Captain Samuel Lord; Captain George W. Brown
D Company - (also known as Sumter Guards): Captain Henry C. King; Captain J. Ward Hopkins; Captain John A. Cay
E Company - (also known as Union Light Infantry Volunteers)(German Fusiliers attached to the Union Light Infantry Volunteers): Captain Samuel Lord; Captain George W. Brown
F Company -(also known as Sumter Guards): Captain Henry C. King; Captain J. Ward Hopkins; Captain John A. Cay
F Company - Captain Thomas Blyth Allston; Captain Julius D. Huguenin
G Company - (also known as Palmetto Guards and Charleston Sharpshooters): Captain Henry Buist
H Company - (also known as Irish Volunteers): Captain W.H. Ryan; Captain J.M. Mulvaney
I Company - (also known as Charleston Riflemen): Captain Julius A. Blake; Captain W. Dove Walter
K Company - (also known as Charleston Light Infantry): Captain William Clarkson
- Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘South Carolina in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
- South Carolina in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for South Carolina, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment. This site uses Joseph H. Crute's book, Units of the Confederate States Army, as their main source for the regiment history. Family History Library book 973 M2crua, FHL Collection, WorldCat.
- Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls).
- Chisolm, Robert. Answering reflections upon his war record. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990). Includes a description of some activities of the 27th South Carolina Infantry Regiment (Confederate) near Petersburg, Va. Available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN Fiche 6082654.
- Capers, Walter Branham. The Soldier-Bishop, Ellison Capers (New York Publishing Company-1912), 367 pages. Digital copies at Google Books and Internet Archives.
- Phelps, W. Chris. Charlestonians in war : the Charleston Battalion. (Gretna, Louisiana : Pelican Pub. Co., c2004), FHL book 975.791/C1 M2p
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed 4 January 2011).