48th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry

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Brief History

48th Infantry Regiment was organized in November, 1862, at Fredericksburg, Virginia, using the 2nd Battalion, Mississippi Infantry as its nucleus. Many of the men were from Jackson, Yalobusha, Warren, and Claiborne counties. It served in Featherston's, Posey's, and Harris' Brigade and fought with the Army of Nourthern Virginia from Fredericksburg to Cold Harbor. The 48th was then active in the Petersburg siege south of the James River and the Appomattox Campaign. It sustained 4 casualties at Fredericksburg, had 10 killed and 44 wounded at Chancellorsville, and twelve percent of the 256 engaged at Gettysburg were  disabled. The regiment surrendered 11 officers and 87 men. Its commanders were Colonel Joseph M. Jayne, Lieutenant Colonel Thomas B. Manlove, and Major L.C. Lee.[1]

The 2nd Battalion Mississippi Infantry/48th Regiment Mississippi Infantry Internet site has a longer history taken from Dunbar Rowland's Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898.

Regiment Companies with the County of Origin

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.


Companies of the 48th Regiment, MS Infantry:

Company A - (Jackson Boys [attached to the 26th Virginia Infantry]) - raised in Hinds County

Company B - (Rocky Point Rifles, aka Rocky Point Rifle Company) - raised in Attala County

Company C - (Blewett’s Company, aka Blewett’s Rifles, and aka "The Blewett’s") - raised in Lowndes County

Company D - (Dixie Boys) - raised in Yalobusha County

Company E - (King Cotton Guards) - raised in Warren County

Company F - (Claiborne Volunteers) - raised in Claiborne County

Company G - (Jefferson Davis Guards, Jeff Davis Guards, and aka Manlove’s Company) - raised in Warren County

Company H - (Vicksburg Volunteers) - raised in Warren County

Company I - (Wilkinson Guards, aka Capt. J.E. Martin’s Company [was also attached to the 4th/34th Tennessee Infantry]) - raised in Wilkinson County

Company K - (Capt. J.H. Fields’ Company [subsequently became Co. F, 8th Confederate Cavalry]) - raised in Lowndes County

Company L - (Oktibbeha Reserve [or "Oktibbeha Rescue" -- records not clear], aka Capt. Joel P. Rogers’ Company [also known as Company K]) - raised in Oktibbeha County

Other Sources

  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘Mississippi in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
  • National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • Mississippi in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Mississippi, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • Howell, H. Grady. For Dixie Land, I’ll Take My Stand!: A Muster Listing of All Known Mississippi Confederate Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines. (Chickasaw Bayou Press, 1998), FHL book 976.2 M2 and Featherston's/Posey's/Harris' Mississippi Brigade : Army of Northern Virginia, a muster listing. (Carrollton, Mississippi : Pioneer Pub. Co., c2005), FHL book 976.2 M2hf
  • Rowland, Dunbar. Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898: taken from the Official and Statistical Register of the State of Mississippi, 1908. (Spartanburg, South Carolina: Reprint Company), FHL book 976.2 H2

References

  1. National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed 11 January 2011)