Adams County, Nebraska Genealogy

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United States
Adams County
Adams County, Nebraska
Map of Nebraska highlighting Adams County
Location in the state of Nebraska
Map of the U.S. highlighting Nebraska
Location of Nebraska in the U.S.
Founded February 16, 1867
County Seat Hastings
Adams County Courthouse (Nebraska) from S.JPG
Address Adams County Courthouse
500 W. 4th Street
Hastings, NE 68901
Phone: 402-461-7153
County Website

Adams County, Nebraska genealogy and family history research page. Guide to genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.


County Information

Adams County, Nebraska Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1871 1870 1871 1871

County Courthouse

County Judge has marriage and probate records. Clerk District Court has divorce and land records. [2]


Adams County was part of the Louisiana territory and therefore ruled by both the French and the Spanish in its early history. After the Louisiana Purchase and the formation of the State of Nebraska in 1867, Adams County was formed on February 16, 1867. By 1871 the westward migration brought families from the eastern seaboard of the United States to the open prairies of Nebraska and Adams County. In the 1870s two railroads came to Adams county and with them came many immigrants from Great Britain and Ireland eager to homestead the prairie land.

Parent County

1867 Adams County was created 16 February 1867 from unorganized territory. County seat: Hastings [3]


Adams County was established as a county by an act of the State Legislature approved February 16, 1867. [4] The county was then organized in 1871. It is named for John Adams, the second President of the United States.[5]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Populated Places[6]

  • Hastings
  • Ayr
  • Holstein
  • Juniata
  • Kenesaw
  • Prosser
  • Roseland
  • Trumbull
Unincorporated communities
  • Assumption
  • Hansen
  • Hayland
  • Ingleside
  • Pauline
  • Ayr
  • Blaine
  • Cottonwood
  • Denver
  • Hanover
  • Highland
  • Juniata
  • Kenesaw
  • Little Blue
  • Logan
  • Roseland
  • Silver Lake
  • Verona
  • Wanda
  • West Blue
  • Zero

Neighboring Counties



Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
NEGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
Nebraska Gravestones
Tombstone Project
Nebraska Cemeteries
Billion Graves
See Nebraska Cemeteries for more information.


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 19
1880 10,235 53768.4%
1890 24,303 137.4%
1900 18,840 −22.5%
1910 20,900 10.9%
1920 22,621 8.2%
1930 26,275 16.2%
1940 24,576 −6.5%
1950 28,855 17.4%
1960 28,944 0.3%
1970 30,553 5.6%
1980 30,656 0.3%
1990 29,625 −3.4%
2000 31,151 5.2%
2010 31,364 0.7%
Source: "".
State Census Records
Federal Census Records

Federal Censuses were taken for Nebraska starting in 1860. For links to Federal census indexes, see Nebraska Census.

For tips on accessing Adams County, Nebraska Genealogy census records online, see: Nebraska Census.


Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Nebraska denominations, view the Nebraska Church Records wiki page.

LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Hastings



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Nebraska Land and Property for additional information about early Nebraska land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Online Land Records

For more information see Nebraska Land and Property

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Adams County, Nebraska Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Nebraska Local Histories.

  • HISTORY of the State of Nebraska. Cutler, William. 1882. The Western Historical Company, A. T. Andreas, Proprietor: Chicago, IL. Available online at:

Maps and Gazetteers

  • Find



Early migration routes to and from Adams County, Nebraska for European and African American settlers included:


Revolutionary War
Civil War


For information on Nebraska newspapers, see Nebraska Newspapers.

Nebraska Newspapers Online

Nebraska Newspaper Catalogs


In most counties in Nebraska, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Nebraska - Adams - Probate records.

Online Probate Records


Nebraska tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

Marriage Records

Online Marriage Records Indexes and Images

Societies and Libraries

County, Township and City Societies


Family History Centers

  • West Nebraska Family Research & History Center
    1602 Ave. A
    Scottsbluff, NE 69361
    Phone: 308-635-2400



  1. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 452-465. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Adams County, Nebraska page 428, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. accessed 09/29/2016
  5.,_Nebraska accessed 09/29/2016
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Adams County, Nebraska," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Nebraska, accessed 29 July 2016.
  7. Jim Tompkins, "The Oregon Trail 1841-1848 Map II" in Oregon Trail Landmarks at (accessed 18 July 2011).
  8. "Oregon California Trails Association" at (accessed 18 July 2011).
  9. "The Pioneer Story: The Mormon Pioneer Trail" in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at (accessed 18 July 2011).