Alabama Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865 .
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Alabama, United States|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|Seal of the National Archives|
|Record Type||Compiled Service Records|
|Record Group||RG 109: War Department Collection of Confederate RecordsRecord Group NAID 438|
|Microfilm Publication||M311. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers who Served in Organizations from the State of Alabama. 508 rolls.|
|National Archives Identifier||586957|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
What is in the Collection?
The collection consists of Confederate service records of soldiers who served in organizations from Alabama for the years 1861 to 1865. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldiers as found in the following original records:
- Muster rolls
- Appointment books
- Hospital registers
- Union prison registers and rolls
- Parole rolls
- Inspection reports
For each military unit, the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 109, War Department Collection of Confederate Records and National Archive Microfilm Publication M311. Index courtesy of www.fold3.com (previously known as Footnote.com).
Service records were kept for each Confederate soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier.
The records are in individual files which usually include the following:
- A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, his rank, and the unit in which he served
- A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, Union prison registers and rolls, parole rolls, and inspection reports
- The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier
The index to records contains the following:
- Soldier’s full name
- Age (often estimated)
- Military unit served in
- NARA publication number, title, and roll number
How Do I Search the Collection?
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
- The name of the soldier
- Identifying information such as the age
Search the Collection
To search the collection by name:
Fill in the requested information on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
Keep in mind:
- There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
- You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
- Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
- If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
- Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.
What do I do Next?
When you have located your ancestor’s service record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:
- Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date.
- Use the age and location of the military unit to find the soldier’s family in census, church, and land records.
- Continue to search the index and records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have served in the same unit or a nearby unit.
- When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
- If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, check for variant spellings of the surnames.
|Don't overlook FHL Keyword Alabama, Civil War items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see the wiki article Alabama Archives and Libraries.|
Citing this Collection
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
- "Arkansas, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing "Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Arkansas." Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : n.d.
Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):
|The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Alabama, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865.|
How You Can Contribute
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