Alabama Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Alabama Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865 .
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Alabama, United States
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Record Description
Record Type Compiled Service Records
Record Group RG 109: War Department Collection of Confederate RecordsRecord Group NAID 438
Collection years 1861-1865
Microfilm Publication M311. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers who Served in Organizations from the State of Alabama. 508 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 586957
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in the Collection?

The collection consists of Confederate service records of soldiers who served in organizations from Alabama for the years 1861 to 1865. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldiers as found in the following original records:

  • Muster rolls
  • Returns
  • Rosters
  • Payrolls
  • Appointment books
  • Hospital registers
  • Union prison registers and rolls
  • Parole rolls
  • Inspection reports

For each military unit, the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 109, War Department Collection of Confederate Records and National Archive Microfilm Publication M311. Index courtesy of www.fold3.com (previously known as Footnote.com).

Service records were kept for each Confederate soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier.

What Can these Records Tell Me?

The index to records contains the following:

  • Soldier’s full name
  • Year
  • Age (often estimated)
  • Military unit served in
  • NARA publication number, title, and roll number

The records are in individual files which usually include the following:

  • A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, his rank, and the unit in which he served
  • A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, Union prison registers and rolls, parole rolls, and inspection reports
  • The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier

How Do I Search the Collection?

You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search, it is helpful to know:

  • The name of the individual
  • The age or birthdate

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.

  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.


For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Use the age to calculate a birth date and to find other records such as birth, christening, census, land and death records.
  • Use the information to find additional family members. Witnesses or bondsmen were usually relatives.
  • Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
  • Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.

I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now?

  • Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
  • Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
  • Search the indexes and records of Alabama, United States Genealogy.
  • Search in the FamilySearch Library Catalog .

Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"Arkansas, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing "Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Arkansas." Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : n.d. NARA microfilm publication M311. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1961.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Alabama, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865.


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