Alabama Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Alabama Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865 .
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Alabama, United States
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Record Description
Record Type Compiled Service records
Record Group RG 94: Records of the Adjutant General's Office
Collection years 1861-1865
Microfilm Publication M276. Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers who Served in Organizations from the State of Alabama. 10 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 300398
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
  • Ancestry ($) Searchable Civil War service records
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in the Collection?

This collection will include records from 1861 to 1865.

The collection consists of Union service records of soldiers who served in the First Regiment of Alabama Cavalry. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in the following original records:

  • Muster rolls
  • Returns
  • Rosters
  • Payrolls
  • Appointment books
  • Hospital registers
  • Union prison registers and rolls
  • Parole rolls
  • Inspection reports

For each military unit the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s - 1917, and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M276. Index courtesy of www.fold3.com (Previously known as Footnote.com).

The records cover the years 1861 to 1865.  Service records were kept for each soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier. 

This index was created to provide quick access to compiled service records. The information in this index is quite reliable. However, keep in mind that even though this index is very accurate it still may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings or misinterpretations.

What Can these Records Tell Me?

The index to these records contains the following

  • Jacket name
  • Soldier’s full name
  • Year
  • Age (often estimated)
  • Military unit served in
  • Type of records in file
  • NARA publication number, title, and roll number

And usually include the following:

  • A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, rank, and the unit in which he served
  • A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports
  • The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier


How Do I Search the Collection?

To Search the Index to This Collection

  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you know. This will provide possible a list of matches. Compare the information in the lists to what you already know to determine if you found the correct person.
  2. Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page


For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

What Do I Do Next?

Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members.

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Use the age to calculate a birth date and to find other records such as birth, christening, census, land and death records.
  • Use the information to find additional family members.
  • Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
  • Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.

I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now?

  • Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
  • Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
  • Search the indexes and records of Alabama, United States Genealogy.
  • Search in the Alabama Archives and Libraries.


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"Alabama, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865" Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. From "Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Alabama." Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : n.d. NARA microfilm publication M276. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1964.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Alabama, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865.


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