Alabama State Census, 1855 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Alabama State Census, 1855 .
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Alabama, United States
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Flag of Alabama
US Locator Alabama.png
Location of Alabama
Record Description
Record Type State Census
Collection years 1855
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
Department of Archives and History, Montgomery


What is in the Collection?

This is an index to the census taken in Alabama in 1855. The State of Alabama conducted state censuses in the following years: 1818 (partial), 1820 (partial), 1821 (partial), 1823, 1850, 1855, 1866, and 1907. The information is generally reliable. However, use the information with some caution, since the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified. The census was compiled to obtain a count of the population of the state to determine how many representatives the state would send to Congress.The counties included in this collection are:

Locality
Autauga
Baldwin
Blount
Coffee
Franklin
Henry
Lowndes
Macon
Mobile
Montgomery
Pickens
Perry
Sumter
Tallapoosa
Tuscaloosa
Wilcox


What Can these Records Tell Me?

The census usually includes:

  • Names of individuals or heads of families
  • Number of white males under 21 in the family
  • Number of white males over 21 in the family
  • Number of white females under 21 in the family
  • Number of white females over 21 in the family
  • Total whites in the family
  • Insane within each county
  • Insane sent abroad
  • Slaves
  • Free persons of color
  • Total inhabitants

The index usually includes:

  • Names of individuals or heads of families
  • Residence
  • Film number
  • Digital folder number
  • Page number
  • Image number
 

How Do I Search the Collection?

To Search the Index to This Collection

  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you know. This will provide possible a list of matches. Compare the information in the lists to what you already know to determine if you found the correct person.
  2. Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:


For more tips about searching on-line collections see the wiki article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members.

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Use the information to find additional family members in other censuses.
  • Use the ages listed to determine an approximate birth date and to find other records such as birth, marriage, christening, and death records.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
  • Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
  • Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
  • Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
  • Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.

I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now?

  • Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
  • Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
  • Search the indexes and records of Alabama, United States Genealogy.
  • Search in the Alabama Archives and Libraries.


Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection citation:

"Alabama, State Census, 1855." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed Saturday, April 29, 2017. Department of Archives and History, Montgomery.

Record citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Alabama State Census, 1855.


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