Arthur County, Nebraska Genealogy

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United States
Arthur County
Arthur County, Nebraska
Map of Nebraska highlighting Arthur County
Location in the state of Nebraska
Map of the U.S. highlighting Nebraska
Location of Nebraska in the U.S.
Founded March 31, 1887
County Seat Arthur
Address Arthur County Courthouse
P.O. Box 146
Arthur, NE 69121
Phone: 308.764.2201
County Website

Arthur County, Nebraska genealogy and family history research page. Guide to genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.


County Information

Arthur County, Nebraska Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1913 1900 1913 1913

County Courthouse

County Court has marriage, probate and court records from 1913. Clerk District Court has divorce records from 1913. County Cemetery Sexton has burial records. County Superintendent of schools has school census from 1913. [2]


Parent County

1887 Arthur County was created 31 March 1887 from unorganized territory. County seat: Arthur [3]


Arthur County is located in the western part of the state. The county was formed in 1913. It is named for Chester A. Arthur. The Largest city is Arthur.[4]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Populated Places[5]

  • Elgin
  • Neligh (county seat)
  • Tilden
  • Brunswick
  • Clearwater
  • Oakdale
  • Orchard
  • Royal
  • Bazile
  • Blaine
  • Burnett
  • Cedar
  • Clearwater
  • Crawford
  • Custer
  • Eden
  • Elgin
  • Ellsworth
  • Elm
  • Frenchtown
  • Garfield
  • Grant
  • Lincoln
  • Logan
  • Neligh (township)
  • Oakdale
  • Ord
  • Royal
  • Sherman
  • Stanton
  • Verdigris
  • Willow

Neighboring Counties



Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Tombstone Project
Nebraska Gravestones
See Nebraska Cemeteries for more information.


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1920 1,412
1930 1,344 −4.8%
1940 1,045 −22.2%
1950 803 −23.2%
1960 680 −15.3%
1970 606 −10.9%
1980 513 −15.3%
1990 462 −9.9%
2000 444 −3.9%
2010 460 3.6%
Source: "".
State Census Records
Federal Census Records

Federal Censuses were taken for Nebraska starting in 1860. For links to Federal census indexes, see Nebraska Census.

For tips on accessing Arthur County, Nebraska Genealogy census records online, see: Nebraska Census.


Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Nebraska denominations, view the Nebraska Church Records wiki page.



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Nebraska Land and Property for additional information about early Nebraska land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

For more information see Nebraska Land and Property

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Arthur County, Nebraska Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Nebraska Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers



Revolutionary War
Civil War


For information on Nebraska newspapers, see Nebraska Newspapers.

Nebraska Newspapers Online

Nebraska Newspaper Catalogs


In most counties in Nebraska, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Nebraska - Arthur - Probate records.

Online Probate Records


Nebraska tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

Marriage Records

Online Marriage Records Indexes and Images

Societies and Libraries

County, Township and City Societies

  • Arthur County Historical Society
    P.O. Box 134
    Arthur, NE 69121-0134
    Phone: 308-764-2367


  • Arthur County Library
    205 First St
    P.O. Box 254
    Arthur, NE 69121

Family History Centers

  • Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 452-465. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Arthur County, Nebraska page 428, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4.,_Nebraska accessed 09/29/2016
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Arthur County, Nebraska," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Nebraska, accessed 29 July 2016.