Athens was chartered on May 3, 1780. Spelled Athans in its charter, the present spelling seems to have been adopted quite early. The town was organized and the first meeting held March 4, 1781. The only real village has always been known as Athens, and for a time (1827-1907) actually had a Post Office. The area in the southern part of the town is almost entirely uninhabited. 
History of Athens, Vermont : with genealogies, 1779-1960 by Lora M. Wyman (1963) - Find this book in a library.
FamilySearch Historical Records Collection has Vermont birth, death, and marriage records online.
The probate district for Athens is Westminster.
Westminster Probate Court
PO Box 47
Bellows Falls, VT 05101-0047
Phone: (802) 463-3019
The following is a list of cemeteries in present-day Athens. For location of cemeteries, see Cemeteries of Vermont, Windham County, website at this link.
- Athens Valley Cemetery (aka Valley Cemetery) - inscriptions at Find A Grave site.
- West Athens Cemetery - inscriptions at Find A Grave site.
Town Clerk Vital and Town Records, 1732-2002, can be found on FamilySerach (browse only images).
The Family History Library has microfilm of original records from the Athens Town Clerk's Office. These include Town records, 1780-1903, Land records, 1779-1917; index to land records, 1779-1945, Vital records, 1775-1867, and Marriage certificates, 1867-1905.
Athens Town Clerk
RR 3 Box 194
25 Brookline Road
Athens, VT 05143
Phone: (802) 869-3370
Libraries and Historical Societies
- About Athens, VT - http://www.virtualvermont.com/towns/athens.html#about
- History of the Town of Athens, VT, http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vermont/WindhamAthens.html