Bent County, Colorado Genealogy
Guide to Bent County, Colorado ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
|Bent County, Colorado|
Location in the state of Colorado
Location of Colorado in the U.S.
|Founded||January 9, 1852|
|County Seat||Las Animas|
|Address|| Bent County Courthouse|
PO Box 350
Las Animas, CO 81054-0350
Bent County Website
- 1 County Courthouse
- 2 Historical Facts
- 3 Resources
- 3.1 Cemeteries
- 3.2 Census
- 3.3 Church Records
- 3.4 Court Records
- 3.5 Directories
- 3.6 Genealogy
- 3.7 Local History
- 3.8 Land and Property
- 3.9 Maps
- 3.10 Military
- 3.11 Naturalization and Citizenship
- 3.12 Newspapers
- 3.13 Obituaries
- 3.14 Periodicals
- 3.15 Probate Records
- 3.16 Public Records
- 3.17 Repositories
- 3.18 Taxation
- 3.19 Vital Records
- 4 Places
- 5 Websites
- 6 References
1888 - County Clerk Recorder has marriage and land records from 1888 and military discharge records: Contact information - County Clerk and Recorder
Nursing Service has birth and death records
Combined Court has divorce, probate and records
|Beginning dates for major county records|
|*For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries|
- Before 1861 the southwestern quarter of this modern Colorado county was in New Mexico.
- 1852 January 9 it was created part of Taos County in New Mexico Territory. 
- 1860 February 1 it became part of Mora County.
- 1861 February 28 it was transferred to Colorado  (1 Nov 1861 Huerfano County).
- Look for pre-1861 records in New Mexico. For further explanation see Taos County.
- 1870 February 11: Bent County was created from Pueblo and Greenwood Counties. Greenwood County was abolished 1874.
There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.
|Tombstone Transcriptions Online||Tombstone Transcriptions in Print||List of Cemeteries in the county|
|See Colorado Cemeteries for more information.|
For tips on accessing Bent County, Colorado Genealogy census records online, see: Colorado Census.
- 1860-1940 Colorado Census Records from 1860 to 1940 at FamilySearch.org — index/images
Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Colorado denominations, view the Colorado Church Records wiki page.
Numerous records are available at Colorado Archives. To use this link scroll down the page to where it asks for Record Type. Click there and scroll down the list to the records you want and select. The next field asks for county. Select the county you want and then click on Search. You can narrow the search by adding the additional information it asks for.
Local histories are available for Bent County, Colorado Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Colorado Local Histories.
Land and Property
Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.
See Colorado Land and Property for additional information about early Colorado land grants.
After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where current records are also housed.
- Family Maps of Bent County, Colorado Genealogy (land patent maps) at HistoryGeo.com ($). Free surname search.
Naturalization and Citizenship
- 1873-1875 - Las Animas Leader online at Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection - free.
- 1887 - Water Valley Clarion online at Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection - free.
- 1888-1889 - Stuart Chronicle online at Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection - free.
Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Bent County, Colorado Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:
- Bent County Democrat
516 Carson Avenue
Las Animas, CO 81054
Probate records have been kept by the county courts. Colorado probate records include bonds, affidavits, letters, claims, appraisals, fee accounts, minutes, judgments, dockets, calendars, case files, and wills. The Family History Library does not have copies of probate records from Colorado.
You may obtain copies of documents from the clerk's office in the county courthouse.
The Colorado State Archives has the following records available for Bent County, Colorado Genealogy in this online database Archives Search. For a full list of online holdings, click here.
1880-1939 Divorce Index
1883-1900 Mine Accidents, Non - fatal
1936-1942 Civilian Conservation Corps Enrollments
1966-1968 Vietnam Deaths
1907-1921 Bent County Divorce 1907 - 1921
Family History Centers
Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.
- Las Animas-Bent County Library District
306 5th Street
Las Animas, CO 81054
Phone: (719) 456-0111
Bent County Historical Society
305 St. Vrain Avenue
Las Animas, CO 81054
Telephone Number: 719-456-2005
Pioneer Historical Society of Bent County
PO Box 68
Las Animas, Colorado 81054
Telephone Number: 719-456-6066
Colorado tax records complement land records and can be used as supplements to censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records. To find tax records in the FamilySearch Catalog, do a Place Search for the county.
Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Vital Records Section Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.
For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Colorado.
Birth records may become public records when 100 years have elapsed after the date of birth. EXCEPTION: The birth record of any individual who is known to be currently alive will remain confidential even if they are 100 years of age or greater. 
- 1853-2006 Colorado Statewide Marriage Index, 1853-2006 at FamilySearch.org — index/images
- 1859-1900 Colorado Marriages, 1859-1900 at Ancestry.com — index $
- 1864-1995 Colorado, County Marriages, 1864-1995 at FamilySearch — index and images
- 1900-1939 Colorado, Statewide Marriage Index, 1900-1939 at Ancestry.com — index $
Death records may become public records when 75 years have elapsed after the date of death. 
The Colorado State Archives has put a name only Index to the Bent County Divorce Records for the period 1907 to 1919 on-line.
- Bent County CO Trails to the Past
- Bent County COGenWeb
- USGenWeb Archives
- FamilySearch Catalog
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 97, Bent County, Colorado. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
- The Red Book, American State, County, and Town Sources. Edited by Alice Eichholz. (Ancestry, Provo; 3d ed, 2004.) Colorado article by Birdie Monk Holzclaw and Marsha Hoffman Rising. page 92.
- William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publ., 1987), 52. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
- Brief County Histories (New Mexico) in RootsWeb (accessed 21 June 2012).
- Wikipedia contributors, "Colorado Territory" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopeida at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colorado_Territory (accessed 19 June 2012).
- Adrian B. Ettlinger, AniMap 3.0 : with SiteFinder U.S. place name database (Alamo, Calif.: Gold Bug, 2008), Colorado 1861 map. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL CD-ROM no. 4903.
- Handybook, 99, Huerfano County, Colorado.
- Colorado Online Historical Newspapers, https://sites.google.com/site/onlinenewspapersite/Home/usa/co, accessed 19 July 2013.
- Letter from Colorado State Registrar, Dated September 1, 2011. Policy Number 2011- 08. http://www.colorado.gov