Buffalo County, Wisconsin Genealogy

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Guide to Buffalo County Wisconsin ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

United States Gotoarrow.png Wisconsin Gotoarrow.png Buffalo County


Buffalo County, Wisconsin
Map of the U.S. highlighting Wisconsin
Location of Wisconsin in the U.S.
Founded July 6, 1853
County Seat Alma
Address Buffalo County Courthouse
407 S. 2nd Street
Alma WI 54610
Phone: 608-685-6206

WI Buffalo.png

County Information

Buffalo County, Wisconsin Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1855 1856 1860 1854 1854

Historical Facts

1853--Buffalo County was created 6 July 1853 from Jackson County. [1]

Populated Places


  • Alma
  • Buffalo City
  • Fountain City
  • Mondovi


  • Cochrane
  • Nelson


  • Alma
  • Belvidere
  • Buffalo
  • Canton
  • Cross
  • Dover
  • Gilmanton
  • Glencoe
  • Lincoln
  • Maxville
  • Milton
  • Modena
  • Mondovi
  • Montana
  • Naples
  • Nelson
  • Waumandee

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Wisconsin County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Wisconsin County Boundary Maps" (1790-1961) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Neighboring Counties

Eau Claire  • Pepin  • Trempealeau  • Wabasha County, Minnesota  • Winona County, Minnesota


Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Bible Records


Business Records


Census Records

  • 1855 - 1855 Wisconsin State Census This census includes name of head of family; other individuals in the household are identified by sex and race, number of deaf and dumb, blind, insane and foreign born.
  • 1865 - 1865 Wisconsin State Census Name index and images of the 1865 State Census which names the head of household. Most records have been destroyed but schedules exist for the following counties: Dunn, Green, Jackson, Kewaunee, Ozaukee, and Sheboygan.
  • 1875 - 1875 Wisconsin State Census Identifies head of household by name.
  • 1885 - Wisconsin State Census, 1885 at FamilySearch — index and images. Search indexed census.  Identifies by name of head of household.  Other information is statistical and identifies the rest of the household by race, gender and country of birth.
  • 1895 - Wisconsin State Census, 1895 at FamilySearch — index and images. Identifies head of household by name. Other information is statistical.
  • 1905 - Wisconsin State Census, 1905 at FamilySearch — Name index and images of population. Enumerates by name all inhabitants.

Church Records


Buffalo County

St. John's Lutheran Church, Alma

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic and Religious Groups




Local Histories

Land and Property


Military Records

Civil War

Civil War service men from Buffalo County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are many companies or regiments that were formed from men of Buffalo County.

- 2nd Regiment, Wisconsin Cavalry, Company L
- 6th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry, Company H
- 9th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry, Company F
- 9th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry Reorganized, Company C
- 14th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry, Company I
World War I (The Great War), 1914-1918
World War II, 1941-1945

Naturalization and Citizenship



Probate Records

Online Records

Public Records


See also a List of Wisconsin Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies


Buffalo County Historical Society
407 South Second Street, second floor
PO Box 394
Alma, Wisconsin 54610
Telephone: 608-685-6290

Alma Historical Society
505 S 2nd St
Alma, WI 54610
Telephone: 608-685-4975

Fountain City Area Historical Society
PO Box 114
Fountain City, WI 54629
Telephone: 608-687-4500

Mondovi Area Historical Society
250 S Washington St
Mondovi, WI 54755
Telephone: 715-826-5377

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

School Records


Vital Records

Buffalo County Clerk
407 S. 2nd Street
Alma WI 54610
Phone: 608-685-6206

Register of Deeds has birth, marriage, death, burial and
land records.
Clerk of Courts has divorce and court
Register in Probate has probate records[2]

Birth Records
Marriage Records
Divorce Records
Death Records

Voter Registration

Web Sites


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002)Buffalo County, Wisconsin, p.755