Callaway County, Missouri Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png Missouri Gotoarrow.png Callaway County

Guide to Callaway County, Missouri ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Callaway County, Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Location of Missouri in the U.S.
Founded November 25, 1820
County Seat Fulton
Address Callaway County Courthouse
10 E 5th Street
Fulton, MO 65251-1700
Phone: 573.642.0730
Callaway County Website

County Information

Callaway County, Missouri Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1883 1821 1883 1830 1821 1821

County Courthouse

County Clerk has birth and death records 1883-1888; County Recorder has marriage and land records; Clerk of the Circuit Court has divorce records; Probate Judge has probate records. [2]


Parent County

1820 Callaway County was created 25 November 1820 from Montgomery County. County seat: Fulton [3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Missouri county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Missouri County Boundary Maps" (1804-1889) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Audrain  • Boone  • Cole  • Montgomery  • Osage

Callaway CountyAudrain CountyMontgomery CountyBoone CountyOsage CountyMaries CountyMiller CountyGasconade CountyCole CountyMoniteau CountyCooper CountyHoward CountyRalls CountyLincoln CountyWarren CountyFranklin CountyPike CountyCrawford CountyPhelps CountyCamden CountyMorgan CountyRandolph CountyMonroe CountySaline CountyChariton CountyMOCallaway.jpg


African American

  • 1865 - 1915 Callaway County Colored Marriage Books A thru C Index 1865-1915. Batch M514703 at FamilySearch - free. [4]



For tips on accessing Callaway County, Missouri Genealogy census records online, see: Missouri Census.


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Callaway County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.

  • Jones, Jefferson F. "Missouri has 113 counties and 1 kingdom". p. 88. last article in publication.
  • Williamson, Hugh P. The Kingdom of Callaway.original published: [s.l.] : [s.n.], 19--. 80 p.
  • History of Callaway County, Missouri : written and compiled from the most authentic official and private sources, including a history of its townships, towns and villages : together with a condensed history of Missouri, a reliable and detailed history of Callaway County--its pioneer record, resources, biographical sketches of prominent citizens, general and local statistics of great value, incidents and reminiscences. 1884 edition published by National Historical Company, St. Louis.




Civil War

Online Records

Service men in Callaway County, Missouri served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Callaway County, Missouri:

- 1st Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company G
- 1st Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H
- 61st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company M

Naturalization and Citizenship


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Callaway County, Missouri Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.

Online Probate Records


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.


Societies and Libraries 

Family History Centers

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.


Sites with online indexes or images of records
Missouri Digital Heritage Free digital images of many types of records from institutions across the State
MOGenWeb Free Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
USGenWeb Archives Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Sites that search for links pertaining to Callaway County, Missouri Genealogy
RootsWeb resources Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Linkpendium Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
CyndisList Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
StateofUS Free family history resources and government records
Missouri Genealogy Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
Major catalogs for hard copy collections of Callaway County, Missouri Genealogy
Books, microfilm, or manuscripts of genealogical records
FamilySearch catalog Select topics. To select towns, add a comma to the search box.
WorldCat To find nearby libraries that have specific items, see WorldCat Online Catalog.
Allen County Public Library Major genealogy resource library, located in Indiana. On home page enter "Callaway Missouri" and search catalog.
Missouri State Archives Library catalog; from this page you must search "Callaway County"
See also local libraries and Missouri Archives and Libraries
Social networking sites pertaining to Callaway County, Missouri Genealogy
GeneaBloggers enter "missouri" in the search box to see a list and links to Missouri Blogs
Google+ Missouri Genealogy Network Community
Facebook list of groups from "Missouri Genealogy" search Callaway County Message Board


  1. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 422-438. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Callaway County, Missouri. Page 398 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at