Canaan was chartered on February 25, 1782 by the Vermont Legislature. The town of Canaan consists of several subdivisions such as Beecher Falls, Wallace Pond (also knows as Lake Wallis), South Canaan, and Canaan Hill.
During the 1800’s, people began migrating to Canaan as it was strategically located on the border with Canada and New Hampshire. During the 1900’s many people immigrated to Canaan from Quebec, Canada. Today there are a number of French Canadian families living in the area and French is spoken at many social gatherings.   
History of Canaan, Vermont by Beatrice Schoff Holmes (1976) - find this book in a library.
FamilySearch Historical Records Collection has Vermont birth, death, and marriage records online.
The probate district for Canaan is Essex.
Essex Probate Court
Island Pond, VT 05846
Phone: (802) 723-4770
The following is a list of major cemeteries in present-day Canaan. For location of all cemeteries, see Cemeteries of Vermont, Essex County, website at this link.
- Alice Hunt Cemetery - inscriptions at Find A Grave site.
- Canaan Hill Cemetery - inscriptions at Find A Grave site.
- Canaan Village Cemetery - inscriptions at Find A Grave site.
- Morrison Cemetery - inscriptions at Find A Grave site.
- Schoolhouse Cemetery - inscriptions at Find A Grave site.
The Family History Library has microfilm of original records from the Canaan Town Clerk's Office. These include Vital records of Canaan, Vermont, 1857-Feb. 2001, Town meeting records, 1796-1903, and Deeds and land records, 1797-1902.
Canaan Town Office
PO Box 159
318 Christian Hill
Canaan, VT 05903
Phone: (802) 266-3370
Libraries and Historical Societies
Alice M. Ward Memorial Library
P.O. Box 134
27 Park Street
Canaan, VT 05903
Phone: (802) 266-7135
Canaan Historical Society
PO Box 214
Canaan, Vermont 05903
Northeast Kingdom Genealogy - Genealogy resources for towns in the counties of Essex, Orleans and Caledonia.
- About Canaan, Vermont - http://www.virtualvermont.com/towns/canaan.html#about
- Town of Canaan, Vermont History - http://www.canaan-vt.org/townhistory.html
- Canaan, Vermont - http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vermont/EssexCanaan.html
see also Norfolk, Vermont