Chaves County, New Mexico Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
(Redirected from Chaves County, New Mexico)
Jump to: navigation, search

United States Gotoarrow.png New Mexico Gotoarrow.png Chaves County

Guide to Chaves County, New Mexico ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.


Chaves County, New Mexico
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Mexico
Location of New Mexico in the U.S.
Founded February 25, 1889
County Seat Roswell
Address Chaves County Courthouse
401 N Main Street
Roswell, NM 88201-4726
Phone: 505.624.6614
Chaves County Website


County Information

Chaves County, New Mexico Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1891 1900 1887 1900

County Courthouse

Chaves County Courthouse
401 N Main Street
Roswell, NM 88201-4726
Phone: 505.624.6614 

County Clerk has marriage, land and military records from 1900; District Court Clerk has probate records from 1900, divorce and court records.[1]


Parent County

  • Up until 1821New Spain controlled land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to an archives in Seville, Spain, or to archives in Mexico City.
  • From 1821 until 1846Mexico had jurisdiction over the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to archives in Mexico City. United States forces occupied New Mexico starting in 1846 during the Mexican-American War.
  • 1848 -  Land that became Chaves County formally became a part of the United States when the Mexican War ended with ratification of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

1889--Chaves County was created 25 February 1889 from Lincoln County.[1]


Chaves county is in the southeastern portion of New Mexico. Roswell, the county seat. Formed Feb. 25 1889 from part of Lincoln County.[2] Chaves County was named for Colonel Jose Francisco Chaves, a military leader here during the U.S. Civil War and later in Navajo campaigns.[3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating New Mexico County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation New Mexico County Boundary Maps" (1845-1981) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Populated Places[4]

  • Roswell (county seat)
  • Towns[edit]
  • Dexter
  • Hagerman
  • Lake Arthur
Census-designated place
  • Midway
Unincorporated communities
  • Dunken
  • Elk
  • Elkins
  • Greenfield
  • Mesa

Neighboring Counties



Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
NMGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
NMGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
NM Cemetery Project
NM Interment
Billion Graves
See New Mexico Cemeteries for more information.


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1910 16,850
1920 12,075 −28.3%
1930 19,549 61.9%
1940 23,980 22.7%
1950 40,605 69.3%
1960 57,649 42.0%
1970 43,335 −24.8%
1980 51,103 17.9%
1990 57,849 13.2%
2000 61,382 6.1%
2010 65,645 6.9%
Source: "".
State Census Records
Federal Census Records

Federal Censuses were taken for New Mexico starting in 1850. For links to Federal census indexes, see New Mexico Census.


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about New Mexico denominations, view the New Mexico Church Records wiki page.



Online Land Records

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Chaves County, New Mexico Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section New Mexico Local Histories.




Revolutionary War
Civil War
World War I
World War II



Online Probate Records

Since statehood in 1912, probate matters have been under the jurisdiction of probate courts in each county. Records of guardianship and adoption have usually been transferred to the district courts. In 1953 the district courts were given concurrent jurisdiction with the probate court over all probate matters in each county.

See the wiki page New Mexico Probate Records for information about how to find earlier probate records.

The Family History Library does not have copies of the New Mexico county probate records. They are available at each county courthouse. You can obtain copies by contacting the county clerk.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, and adoption.


New Mexico tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the Wiki page New Mexico Taxation.

Vital Records


Societies and Libraries

Historical Society For Southeast New Mexico
200 N Lea Ave
Roswell, NM 88201
Telephone: 575-622-8333

Chaves County Genealogical Society
PO Box 51
Roswell, New Mexico, 88201

Chaves County Genealogy and History Societies
Florence Hamilton
807 N. Missouri
Roswell, New Mexico, 88201
Telephone: 505-624-2477

Roswell Historical Society
100 West 11th Street
Roswell, New Mexico, 88201

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Web Sites


  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Catron County, New Mexico page 473, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. accessed 09/29/2016
  3.,_New_Mexico accessed 10/31/2016