Cherokee Disturbances and Removal, 1836 to 1839
|Cherokee Disturbances and Removal, 1836-1839|
|United States||Native Americans|
In 1830, the U.S. Congress passed the Indian Removal Acts which gave the federal government power to remove all native Americans from their lands east of the Mississippi River to territory west of the river. The Indian Intercourse Act, passed in 1834, prohibited whitemen from settling on Indian territorial lands. It also made provisions for establishing agencies and schools.
Some Indian tribes, especially the Cherokees, refused to leave their homelands east of the Mississippi. In 1838, U.S. troops began forcibly removing the Cherokee Indians from their homes in North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia.
Many of the Indians died of disease, starvation, or exposure. Because of the tragic nature of this journey it was called the "Trail of Tears." By 1850 most of the Indians had been removed to the area that is now the state of Oklahoma.