Guide to Cree Indians ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and other agency records.
See also Chippeewa-Cree Indians
There are numerous headquarters throughout Canada. Only one in Montana. The Cree are northern Ojibwa's. Their territory or districts were located primarily in Canada. There is no one capitol or headquarters for the Cree in general. Their largest communities which you might want to refer to as headquarters are Moosone, Moose Factory, and Chisasibi. All look like cities. Chisasibi has a population of over 4,000. Other large Cree settlements are Cross Lake and Norway House. However, they don't have the appearance of towns.
Contact with the non-Indians occurred early in the 1600's. By the late 1600's the tribe was trading with the colonist and the Hudson Bay Company which had trading posts on the Nelson, Moose and Albany rivers.Trade was established with both the French and British.
In the 1730's the tribe moved to the prairies, tribal leaders wanted the tribe to be independent and less dependent on the trading post. The prairies were inhabited by the Assiniboin who became their ally.
During the 1800's many converted to Christianity
By 1881 the buffalo herds had diminished leaving the tribe near starvation.
Assigned to the Rocky Boy Reservation with the Chippewa tribe in 1916.
The tribe was ravaged by tuberculosis, flu, measles, whooping cough and bronchitis during 1920-1940.
Brief Time Line
1611: First non-Indian contact with Henry Hudson
Late 1600's: Cree were trading with colonist and the Hudson Bay Company which had set up post at the mouth to the Nelson, Moose and Albany rivers.
1730: Removed to the prairies, making them less dependent on the trading post. They took over land held by the Assinboin, The Assiniboin became their principal ally
1700's: Trade relations with the Blackfeet, these relations were maintained until 1790-1810 when the relation broke down
1800: Missionaries convert many to Christianity
The Cree traded with both the English and the French
1860: Population of the Plains Cree numbered 12,500
1881: Buffalo herds diminished; the tribe near of starvation
1899: Population 6,807
1916: Assigned with the Chippewa to the Rocky Boy's Reservation in Montana
1920-1940: Many die from tuberculosis, flu, measles, whooping cough and bronchitis
The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:
- Allotment records
- Annuity rolls
- Census records
- Health records
- School census and records
- Vital records
For Further Reading
- Carlson, Paul H. The Plains Indians. College Station, Texas: Texas A.M. University Press, c1998. FHL Book 970.1 C197p
For background information to help find American Indian ancestors see For Further Reading.