Custer County, Montana Genealogy

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United StatesGotoarrow.png Montana Gotoarrow.png Custer County

Guide to Custer County, Montana ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: Miles City
Organized: February 2, 1865
Parent County(s): Original county[1]
Neighboring Counties
Carter  • Fallon  • Garfield  • Powder River  • Prairie  • Rosebud
See County Maps
Courthouse
MontanaCusterCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Map of Montana highlighting Custer County.png
Adoption
This page is available for adoption

County Information

Description

Custer County, Montana was formed in 1882 and the county seat is Miles City. The county was named after General George Custer.[2] It is located in the south eastern area of the state. [3]

County Courthouse

Custer County Courthouse
1308 Main Street
Miles City, MT 59301-3419
Phone: 406.232.7800
Custer County Website

County Clerk has birth and death records from 1907 and land records from 1909;
Clerk District Court has marriage, divorce, and probate;
Justice Peace has court records[4]

Custer County, Montana Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1895*
1877*
1896*
1877
1877
1877
* For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes


  • Parent County: created 2 February 1865 as an original county
  • County seat: Miles City[5]

Populated Places

Cities
Towns
Unincorporated communites


Resources

Bible Records

Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Custer County, Montana online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Montana Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 38
1880 2,510 6505.3%
1890 5,308 111.5%
1900 7,891 48.7%
1910 14,123 79.0%
1920 12,194 −13.7%
1930 11,242 −7.8%
1940 10,422 −7.3%
1950 12,661 21.5%
1960 13,227 4.5%
1970 12,174 −8.0%
1980 13,109 7.7%
1990 11,697 −10.8%
2000 11,696 −0.0%
2010 11,699 0.0%
Source: [1]


For tips on accessing Custer County, Montana Genealogy census records online, see: Montana Census.

Federal Census Records

Federal Censuses were taken for Montana starting in 1870. For links to federal census indexes, see "Montana Census" link above.

Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Montana denominations, view the Montana Church Records wiki page.

Court Records

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Guardianship

Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Montana Land and Property for additional information about early Montana land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Online Land Records

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Custer County, Montana Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Montana Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

Custer County

Migration

Military Records

Civil War

World War I

For further information see Montana Military Records.

Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers

Montana Newspapers Online

Montana Newspaper Catalogs

  • U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present on Chronicling America - contains a list of all known newspapers and the dates they cover; once you locate a newspaper name, contact the local library to see if they have copies of the newspaper

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Custer County, Montana Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries

See also United States Obituaries for more about finding United States obituaries.

Other Records

Periodicals

Probate Records

In most counties in Montana, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, inventories, claim registers, inheritance records, probate packets, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Montana, Custer - Probate records.

School Records

Tax Records

Montana tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most birth and death original records can be purchased from the Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. For information about marriages, divorces, and requirements for obtaining any vital records, see the CDC Where to Write website.

Birth

Marriage

Death

Divorce

Research Facilities

Archives

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries

Museums

Societies

Websites

  • USGenWeb Custer County, Montana project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county.
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. http://genealogytrails.com/mon/custer/ accessed 11/15/2016
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Custer_County,_Montana accessed 11/15/2016
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 415.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).