Dixon County, Nebraska Genealogy

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United States
Dixon County
Dixon County, Nebraska
Map of Nebraska highlighting Dixon County
Location in the state of Nebraska
Map of the U.S. highlighting Nebraska
Location of Nebraska in the U.S.
Founded January 26, 1856
County Seat Ponca
Address Dixon County Courthouse
302 3rd Street
Ponca, NE 68770
Phone: 402.755.2881

Dixon County, Nebraska genealogy and family history research page. Guide to genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.


County Information

Dixon County, Nebraska Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1858 1860 1858 1858

County Courthouse

County Clerk has birth, death and burial records from 1919 and land records from 1871. [2]


Parent County

1856 Dixon County was created 26 January 1856 from Blackbird and Izard Counties, and unorganized territory.
County seat: Ponca [3]


Its county seat is Ponca. The county was organized in 1858. [4]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Populated Places[5]

  • Ponca
  • Wakefield


  • Allen
  • Concord
  • Dixon
  • Emerson
  • Martinsburg
  • Maskell
  • Newcastle
  • Waterbury
Unincorporated communities
  • Lime Grove
  • Clark
  • Concord
  • Daily
  • Emerson
  • Galena
  • Hooker
  • Logan
  • Newcastle
  • Ottercreek
  • Ponca
  • Silvercreek
  • Springbank
  • Wakefield

Neighboring Counties



Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
NEGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
NEGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Nebraska Cemeteries
Billion Graves
See Nebraska Cemeteries for more information.


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1860 274
1870 1,345 390.9%
1880 4,177 210.6%
1890 8,084 93.5%
1900 10,535 30.3%
1910 11,477 8.9%
1920 11,815 2.9%
1930 11,586 −1.9%
1940 10,413 −10.1%
1950 9,129 −12.3%
1960 8,106 −11.2%
1970 7,453 −8.1%
1980 7,137 −4.2%
1990 6,143 −13.9%
2000 6,339 3.2%
2010 6,000 −5.3%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".
State Census Records
Federal Census Records

Federal Censuses were taken for Nebraska starting in 1860. For links to Federal census indexes, see Nebraska Census.

For tips on accessing Dixon County, Nebraska Genealogy census records online, see: Nebraska Census.




Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Nebraska Land and Property for additional information about early Nebraska land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

For more information see Nebraska Land and Property

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Dixon County, Nebraska Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Nebraska Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers



Revolutionary War
Civil War


For information on Nebraska newspapers, see Nebraska Newspapers.

Nebraska Newspapers Online

Nebraska Newspaper Catalogs


In most counties in Nebraska, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Nebraska - Dixon - Probate records.

Online Probate Records


Nebraska tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

Marriage Records

Online Marriage Records Indexes and Images

Societies and Libraries

County, Township and City Societies


  • Gardner Public Library
    Wakefield, NE
    Phone: 402-287-2334
  • Ponca Public Library
    Ponca, NE
    Phone: 402-755-2739
  • Emerson Public Library
    Emerson, NE
    Phone: 402-695-2449

Family History Centers

  • Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 452-465. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Dixson County, Nebraska page 429, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dixon_County,_Nebraska accessed 09/29/2016
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Dixon County, Nebraska," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dixon_County,_Nebraska, accessed 29 July 2016.