Duval County, Florida Genealogy

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Guide to Duval County, Florida ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Duval County, Florida
Map of Florida highlighting Duval County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the U.S. highlighting Florida
Location of Florida in the U.S.
Founded August 12, 1822
County Seat Jacksonville
Florida Duval Courthouse.jpg
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County Information

Duval County, Florida Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1822 1830 1901 1905

County Courthouse

Duval County Courthouse
330 E Bay Street
Jacksonville, FL 32202
Phone: 904.630.2028

Clerk Circuit Court has divorce, court and
land records from 1921.
County Judge has marriage and probate records. [2]


Parent County

1822--Duval County was created 12 August 1822 from St. Johns County.
County seat: Jacksonville [3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Florida county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Florida County Boundary Maps" (1821-1997) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss

Civil War and 1901 Duval County Courthouse was burned both during the Civil War, and later in 1901. The extent of the record loss is unknown.

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Baker • Clay • Nassau • St. Johns
St. Johns CountyClay CountyBaker CountyNassau CountyDuval CountyFL Duval.jpg



Biographies at Duval Co, FLGenWeb


Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
FLGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
FLGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Billion Graves


For tips on accessing Duval County, Florida Genealogy census records online, see: Florida Census.

The 1885 Florida State Population Census includes sex, age, relationship, occupation, place of birth of each family member and parents. Also census for agriculture, manufacture and mortality.


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Florida denominations, view the Florida Church Records wiki page.

LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Jacksonville
  • Panama Park
  • Springfield
  • Wesconnett

Cities and Towns

Cities and Towns of Duval Co, FLGenWeb

Atlantic Beach, Baldwin, Jacksonville,Jacksonville Beach, Neptune Beach


Emigration and Immigration

Online Records


Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Florida Land and Property for additional information about early Florida land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Duval County, Florida Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Florida Local Histories.

  • British West Florida at Duval Co FLGenWeb
  • History of Jacksonville Florida WorldCat




Civil War
Civil War Battle

The following Civil War battle was fought in Duval County:

October 1-3, 1862 = St. John’s Bluff[4]
Map showing Civil War battles in Florida.


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Duval County, Florida Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate records are held by the Duval County, Florida Genealogy Clerk of Court and are housed at the Duval County, Florida Genealogy Courthouse. See the wiki page Florida Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, and adoptions.


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Florida Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online. See also How to order Florida Vital Records

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Florida.

Birth Records
Death Records
Divorce Records
Marriage Records

Societies and Libraries

Jacksonville Genealogical Society
PO Box 60756
Jacksonville, Florida 32236-0756

Jacksonville Historical Society
314 North Palmetto Street
Jacksonville, FL 32202-2217
Telephone Number: 904-374-0296

Jacksonville Historical Society
100-B Wharfside Way
Jacksonville, FL 32207
Telephone Number: 904-396-6307

Beaches Area Historical Society
381 Beach Boulevard
PO Box 50646
Jacksonville Beach, FL 32250
telephone Number: 904-241-5657

Southern Genealogist's Exchange Society
PO Box 2801
Jacksonville, FL 32203-2801

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Web Sites


  1. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 123-139. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Duval County, Florida. Page 134 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 26 June 2012).