Emigration and Immigration in Schleswig-Holstein
Emigration from Schleswig-Holstein
After 1848 (gold rush in California and the uprising of 1848-51 in Schleswig-Holstein) the first significant wave of Schleswig-Holstein emigration to the United States occurred. These emigrants settled in the vicinity of Davenport, Iowa. They were farmers who were eligible to obtain land if they were able to cultivate it. It cost between 400 to 1000 Dollars and hard work to establish oneself and flourish. The emigrants were mostly young men between 17 and 25 years of age. In order to emigrate, they had to get permission and be officially released from military duty. Such records can be retrieved through archives. Steinberg, Segeberg, Plön and Pinneberg counties as well as the Duchy of Lauenburg and old counties Bordesholm, Eckernförde, Husum, Eiderstedt and Tondern transferred their records to the Landesarchiv Schleswig-Holstein. For other counties these emigration records can be retrieved through local archives http://www.archive.schleswig-holstein.de/index2.html However, in some instances such records may no longer exist or may have never been created since the emigrants did not register because they intended to resist the draft.
From 1880 to 1893 approx. 88.000 (recorded) Schleswig-Holsteiner, roughly 10% of the Schleswig-Holstein population moved to North America, first the Holsteiner from Probstei and Segeberg, then the Schleswiger during Prussian times (1867). According to some advertisers the shortest and least dangerous route to take was from Hamburg to Hull, England, then by train to Liverpool and from there to America. Most emigrants arrived in New York through Castle Garden and later (1892) through Ellis Island, New York.
Emigrants from Preetz can be traced through the local newspaper, Preetzer Zeitung. This particular paper featured articles on emigrants and published in a two to three months cycle obituaries of emigrants.
30. Nordelbisches Genealogentreffen “Archivalien zur Auswanderung im Landesarchiv Schleswig”
Hagenah, Gerd. Die frühe schleswig-holsteinische Auswanderung in die USA (1835-1860)
Kawalek, Jürgen. Literaturübersicht zur Aus- und Einwanderung von der Landesbibliothek Kiel
Pauseback, Paul-Heinz. 400 Jahre Schleswig-Holsteiner in Übersee
Pauselius, Peter. Möglichkeiten zur Erforschung von Auswanderungen am Beispiel der Stadt Preetz
Pauselius, Peter. Emigration. A Contribution to the Celebration of the 500th Anniversary of the Discovery of America
A research tool to check from where in Schleswig-Holstein your ancestor emigrated see the following websites:
http://www.rootdigger.de/Emi.htm This link provides Word document tables with the immigrants, alphabetically arranged with their immigration information. This is a very helpful list.
For further sources see also
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Klaus Timm. Genealogisches Schrifttum zur Schleswig-Holsteinischen Überseeauswanderung 2. Fassung 6. Feb. 2007, a lecture given 16. Nov. 2006 at Genealogische Gesellschaft Hamburg see http://www.genealogy.net/vereine/GGHH/index.html
Publications of the Schleswig-Holsteinische Landesbibliothek Kiel http://www.shlb.de
Huguenots in Schleswig-Holstein
When the Edict of Nantes was issued some 3500 Huguenots fled to Northern Germany, especially to Niedersachsen, but also to Altona, to Bützow in Meckenlenburg-Vorpommern, to Glückstadt and Lübeck in Schleswig-Holstein. Huguenots were allowed to settle with permission of the respective sovereign. The immigrants brought with them new skills and methods which could strengthen the export business of the area. However, religious intolerance which exposed itself in numerous limitations against the Huguenots and their endeavors and a failing market let these efforts come to a halt. In time the French Reformed believers were absorbed into the German-Reformed church and therefore, lost their identity. Today the records of the Huguenots of Glückstadt are in the Lutheran Church office in Glückstadt, Kirchenplatz 2 and those of the Lübeck branch in the city archive in Lübeck, Mühlentordamm.
Information about Huguenot colonies in Germany can be accessed through the Deutsche Hugenotten-Gesellschaft e.V. Hafenplatz 9a, 34385 Bad Karlshafen, telephone 05672/14 33, E-Mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Source: Andreas Flick “Die Niederlassung der Hugenotten in Norddeutschland. Ein unbekanntes Kapitel“ Nordelbischer Genealogentag Rickling, 2003