England, Northumberland, Cumberland, Durham, Miscellaneous Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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England, Northumberland, Cumberland, Durham, Miscellaneous Records, 969-2007 .
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
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- 1 What is in the Collection?
- 2 Collection Content
- 3 What Can This Collection Tell Me?
- 4 How Do I Search the Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 General Information About These Records
- 7 Citing this Collection
- 8 How You Can Contribute
What is in the Collection?
This collection includes miscellaneous records from the Northumberland Archives Service, covering the period 969-2007. The records are from towns and parishes throughout the north of England.
Each type of record within the collection was created for a different purpose, but most were created to keep track of the vital events happening in the lives of the citizens and to safeguard their legal interests.
To Browse this Collection
|You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for England, Northumberland, Cumberland, Durham, Miscellaneous Records, 969-2007.|
Record types include parish registers, electoral registers, and nonconformist records, among others.
What Can This Collection Tell Me?
Given the variety of records within this collection, the information contained on each record may vary greatly. In general, these records may at least include:
- Full name of individual
- Names of parents, spouse, or other family members
- Type of event (such as marriage or death)
- Date of the event
- Place of the event
Please note that the records most likely to contain information from the tenth century are the family pedigrees, an example of which is shown above.
How Do I Search the Collection?
Before beginning a search in these records, it is best to know the full name of the individual in question, as well as an approximate time range for the desired record. When entered into the search engine on the Collection Page, this information provides the quickest, most reliable path to finding the correct person. Of course, other information may be substituted as necessary.
Search by name by visiting the Collection Page:
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page to return a list of possible matches. Compare the individuals on the list with what is already known to find the correct family or person. This step may require examining multiple individuals before a match is located.
View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:
Follow this series of links to search the digitized records directly: [LINKS] ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page ⇒Select the "Record Type" heading to go to the images
Compare the information found on the images with what is already known determine if a particular record relates to the correct person. This process may require examining multiple records before the correct person is located.
Many of the records in this collection are written in an old script that may be challenging to read. Refer to BYU’s Script Tutorial for assistance with reading the records.
Whenever possible, FamilySearch makes images available for all users. However, ultimate rights to view images on our website are granted by the record custodians. Due to their restrictions, many images in this collection are not available for general viewing, but can be accessed by registered FamilySearch Patrons at the Family History Library or a Family History Center. Registration for a free FamilySearch account can be done here.
What Do I Do Next?
I Found the Person I Was Looking for, What Now?
- Make sure to fully transcribe and cite the index entry record for future reference. See below for assistance in citing this collection. Save or print a copy of the image if allowed to do so.
- Use the information which has been discovered to find more. For instance, use the estimated age given in a marriage or burial record to calculate an approximate year of birth, if that is yet undetermined.
- Use the information which has been discovered and locate the original parish record or certificate, if possible.
- Use the information which has been discovered to find the individual in civil records. Particularly useful for research in nineteenth-century England are the England Census and the England Civil Registration records.
- Continue to search the index to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives. Note that family members often appear on an individual's vital records, such as in the role of witnesses to a marriage.
I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking for, What Now?
- When looking for a person with a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which individual is correct. Use other information, such as place of birth, age, occupation, or names of parents, to determine which candidate is the correct person. If listed, a personal title may be a clue to occupation or property ownership, either of which might be noted in other records such as land tax assessments or probate records.
- Check for variants of given names, surnames, and place names. Remember that it was not uncommon for an individual be listed under a nickname or an abbreviation of their name in a church record. See Abbreviations Found in Genealogy Records for some common examples of abbreviations. Note that some women reverted to their maiden name when their husband died, and therefore could be buried under their maiden name.
- Vary the search terms. For example, search by either the given name or surname to return broader list of possible candidates which can then be examined for matches. Alternatively, try expanding the date range; this is especially useful in searching baptismal records, as it was not unusual for a child to be baptized weeks or even months after birth.
- Search the records of nearby parishes. While it was uncommon for an individual in this period to move more than about 20 miles from their place of birth, smaller relocations were not uncommon. Note that marriages usually took place in the parish where the bride resided.
- Look at the actual image of the record to verify the information found in the online description, if possible.
- If looking for a parish record, remember that it is entirely possible that the individual in question may not have records in the Church of England at all, but rather might have belonged to a nonconformist denomination. See England Nonconformist Church Records for more information on nonconformist records.
- Alternatively, if looking for a nonconformist record, it is possible that the individual in question may not have records in a nonconformist denomination. It is possible that they either changed religions at some point in their life or that they undertook Anglican ordinances for whatever reason.
For additional help searching online collections see FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.
General Information About These Records
In 1530, King Henry VIII established the Church in England, also known as the Anglican Church, the State Church, or the Episcopal Church. A law passed in 1537 required ministers to record the baptisms, marriages, and burials that took place in their parishes. Priests recorded these events in registers and kept them at the parish level, which is the lowest level of authority in the Church of England. Within some parishes, chapelries were created to provide for the worship needs of the parishioner when the parish church was not easily accessible. Chapelries sometimes had the authority to perform baptisms, marriages, and burials, so they kept their own registers. Several parishes formed a deanery (presided over by a dean), several deaneries formed an archdeaconry (presided over by an archdeacon), and several archdeaconries formed a diocese (presided over by a bishop).
Beginning in 1598, ministers were required to send copies of their registers to an archdeacon or bishop annually. These copies are referred to as bishops’ transcripts, or sometimes archdeacon transcripts. As a result, two copies of many parish registers exist from 1598 to about the mid-1800s. After civil registration began in 1837, the value of keeping bishops’ transcripts diminished, so by 1870 most parishes had stopped making them.
Banns are proclamations of an intent to marry. After 1754 these banns were required to be read for three consecutive Sundays before a marriage so that anyone with reasons against the marriage could oppose it. Banns were read in both the bride’s parish and the groom’s parish.
Citing this Collection
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
- "England, Northumberland, Miscellaneous Records, 969-2007." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Northumberland Archives Service, Ashington.
How You Can Contribute
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