England and Wales Census, 1911 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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England and Wales Census, 1911 .
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|England and Wales|
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|Flag of Wales|
|The National Archives|
What is in the Collection?
This collection includes records for the 1911 census, which was taken on April 2.
Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page.
The index to the 1911 Census of England and Wales is provided by our affiliate partner findmypast.com.
Their index will be published to FamilySearch with links to images on their website.
The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night.
The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the Public Records Office in Kew. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries.
The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.
Census records usually contain the following information:
- District, civil parish, church parish, and county where census was taken
- Given names and surnames of each household member
- Relationship to head of household
- Age, gender, marital status and occupation of each household member
- Place of birth
- Physical infirmities
- Language spoken
How Do I Search the Collection?
Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that, the information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.
To search this collection by name:c
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several records and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.
What Do I Do Next?
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.
- Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
- Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
- It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
- Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
Tips to Keep in Mind
- Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
- You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
- You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
- Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
- The census record may also list the birth country for people born outside of England.
- Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records.
- Check for spelling variations for the names.
- Make sure you are searching in the right parish.
- Search the surrounding area.
- Accept the ages with caution.
- Given names may not be the same as a name recorded in church or vital records.
- The information may be incorrect.
- Names may be spelled phonetically (or as they sounded to the census taker).
- Place-names may be misspelled.
- Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.
Known Issues with This Collection
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Citing this Collection
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
- "England and Wales Census, 1911." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. From "1911 England and Wales census." Database and images. findmypast. http://www.findmypast.com : n.d. Citing PRO RG 14. The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey.
Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):