Escambia County, Florida Genealogy

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United States  Gotoarrow.png  Florida  Gotoarrow.png  Escambia County

Guide to Escambia County, Florida ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Escambia County, Florida
Map of Florida highlighting Escambia County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the U.S. highlighting Florida
Location of Florida in the U.S.
Founded July 21, 1821
County Seat Pensacola
Florida Escambia Courthouse.jpg
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County Information

Escambia County, Florida Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1891 1821 1919 1830 1821 1821

County Courthouse

Escambia County Courthouse
223 S Palafox Place
Pensacola, FL 32501
Phone: 850.595.4310

Clerk County Court has marriage, probate and court records from 1821.
County Health Department has birth and death records.
Comptroller has land records from 1821. [2]


Parent County

1821--Escambia County was created 21 July 1821 as an original county.
County seat: Pensacola [3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Florida county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Florida County Boundary Maps" (1821-1997) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Baldwin County, Alabama • Escambia County, Alabama • Santa Rosa
Baldwin CountyEscambia County, FloridaEscambia County, AlabamaSanta Rosa CountyOkaloosa CountyFL Escambia.jpg


African American


Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
FLGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
FLGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project Veterans Administration National Cemeteries
Florida Gravestones
Billion Graves


For tips on accessing Escambia County, Florida Genealogy census records online, see: Florida Census.

  • 1783 Spanish Census USGenWeb
  • 1821 Census/Tax List Index USGenWeb
  • 1823 Census/Tax List Index USGenWeb
  • 1880 Census African Born Blacks and Mulattos USGenWeb
  • Federal Census Information from National Archives USGenWeb
  • State Census Information from Florida State Archives USGenWeb
  • Census of Pensioners Revolutionary Military Service USGenWeb


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Florida denominations, view the Florida Church Records wiki page.

LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Pensacola


Emigration and Immigration

  • Florida and South Carolina, Airplane Arrival Manifests, 1944-1945 FamilySearch


Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Florida Land and Property for additional information about early Florida land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

  • Plat Books and Old Deed Books, Public Records Search Escambiaclerk
  • Florida Territorial Land Records USGenWeb

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Escambia County, Florida Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Florida Local Histories.




Various Wars
Civil War
Civil War Battle

The following Civil War battle was fought in Escambia County:

October 9, 1861 = Santa Rosa Island nps [4]
Civil War battles in Florida nps
Korean Conflict
Vietnam War


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Escambia County, Florida Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

  • Early Florida Newspapers at the Florida State Library USGenWeb



Probate records are held by the Escambia County, Florida Genealogy Clerk of Court and are housed at the Escambia County, Florida Genealogy Courthouse. See the wiki page Florida Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, and adoptions.

Online Records


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Florida Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online. See also How to order Florida Vital Records

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Florida.

Birth Records
Death Records
Divorce Records
Marriage Records

Societies and Libraries

Escambia County Historical Society
223 South Palafox Place
Pensacola 32501-5845

Pensacola Historical Society
117 E. Government St.
Pensacola, FL 32501
Telephone Number: 904-433-1559

West Florida Genealogical Society
PO Box 947
Pensacola, FL 32594-0947

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Web Sites


  1. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 123-139. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Escambia County, Florida. Page 134 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 26 June 2012).