Fillmore County, Nebraska Genealogy

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United States
Fillmore County
Fillmore County, Nebraska
Map of Nebraska highlighting Fillmore County
Location in the state of Nebraska
Map of the U.S. highlighting Nebraska
Location of Nebraska in the U.S.
Founded January 26, 1856
County Seat Geneva
Address Fillmore County Courthouse
900 G Street, 2nd Floor
P.O. Box 66
Geneva, NE 68361-0066
Phone: 402-759-3514
County Website

Fillmore County, Nebraska genealogy and family history research page. Guide to genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.


County Information

Fillmore County, Nebraska Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1871 1860 1871 1871

County Courthouse

County Clerk has marriage and land records from 1872 and delayed birth records. County Court has probate and court records. Clerk District Court has divorce records. County Superintendent of Schools has school census. [2]


Parent County

1856 Fillmore County was created 26 January 1856 from unorganized territory. County seat: Geneva [3]


Fillmore County is located about 24 miles north of the southern border of the state, and 96 miles west of the Missouri River. The county was named for the President Millard Fillmore. [4] Founded 1871.[5]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Populated Places[6]

  • Geneva
  • Exeter
  • Fairmont
  • Grafton
  • Milligan
  • Ohiowa
  • Shickley
  • Strang
Unincorporated communities
  • Burress
  • Carlisle
  • Martland
  • Belle Prairie
  • Bennett
  • Bryant
  • Chelsea
  • Exeter-Fairmont
  • Franklin
  • Geneva
  • Glengary
  • Grafton
  • Hamilton
  • Liberty
  • Madison
  • Momence
  • Stanton
  • West Blue

Neighboring Counties



Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
NEGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
NEGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Nebraska Cemeteries
Billion Graves
See Nebraska Cemeteries for more information.

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 238
1880 10,204 4187.4%
1890 16,022 57.0%
1900 15,087 −5.8%
1910 14,674 −2.7%
1920 13,671 −6.8%
1930 12,971 −5.1%
1940 11,417 −12.0%
1950 9,610 −15.8%
1960 9,425 −1.9%
1970 8,137 −13.7%
1980 7,920 −2.7%
1990 7,103 −10.3%
2000 6,634 −6.6%
2010 5,890 −11.2%
Source: "".


For tips on accessing Fillmore County, Nebraska Genealogy census records online, see: Nebraska Census.

State Census Records
Federal Census Records

Federal Censuses were taken for Nebraska starting in 1860. For links to Federal census indexes, see Nebraska Census.


Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Nebraska denominations, view the Nebraska Church Records wiki page.

Chapter X of Johnson's History of Nebraska (1880) relates the growth and development of the state's most prevalent religious denominations: Presbyterian, Congregational, Methodist Episcopal, Episcopal, Catholic, Lutheran, Baptist, Unitarian, Christian.

The Fillmore County section of Andreas' History of the State of Nebraska (1882) gives more specific information regarding religious development in the county.



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Nebraska Land and Property for additional information about early Nebraska land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

For more information see Nebraska Land and Property

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Fillmore County, Nebraska Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Nebraska Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers



Revolutionary War
Civil War


For information on Nebraska newspapers, see Nebraska Newspapers. Nebraska Newspapers Online

Nebraska Newspaper Catalogs


In most counties in Nebraska, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Nebraska - Fillmore - Probate records.

Online Probate Records


Nebraska tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

Marriage Records

Online Marriage Records Indexes and Images

The Fillmore County portion of NEGenWeb has posted many indexed marriage records from Fillmore County, and they are adding more as time allows.

Societies and Libraries

County, Township and City Societies

  • Fillmore County Genealogical Society
    307 Road T
    Exeter, NE 68351
    Phone: 402-266-8881
  • Fillmore County Historical Society
    633 North 11th
    Geneva, NE 68361


Family History Centers

  • Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.


  • NEGenWeb
  • USGenWeb
  • FamilySearch Catalog
  • Linkpendium has a great collection of links to many sites with information regarding Fillmore County and the people who lived there (for example, an online copy of the 1891 Nebraska Gazetteer, biographies of prominent locals, land records, maps, histories, etc.).


  1. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 452-465. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Fillmore County, Nebraska page 430, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. accessed 09/29/2016
  5.,_Nebraska accessed 09/29/2016
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Fillmore County, Nebraska," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Nebraska, accessed 29 July 2016.