Florida State Census, 1885 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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Florida, State Census, 1885 .
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Florida, United States|
|Flag of Florida|
|Location of Florida|
The collection consists of schedules of the Census of Florida taken by that state in 1885. All counties then in the state are represented with the exception of Alachua, Clay, Columbia and Nassau. The 1885 Florida State Census is comprised of four schedules - Population, Agriculture, Manufactures and Mortality. Population schedules are available for all counties, but there are no agriculture, manufactures or mortality schedules for some counties. This collection coincides with NARA publication M845.
The record is printed on large sheets with rows and columns that were filled in by hand by the enumerator. The schedules are usually arranged by county, then by political subdivision.
|You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Florida, State Census, 1885.|
The records ususally include:
- Name of head of household
- Name of each person in household
- Relationship to head of household
- Race, gender, and age of each member of household
- Marital status of each member
- Place of birth by state or territory in the U.S.
- Place of birth for mother and father by state or territory in the U.S.
How to Use the Records
To begin your search it is helpful to know
- Name of your ancestor
- Identifying information such as age or birthplace
Search the Collection
To search the collection by name:
Fill in your ancestor’s name on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
To browse by image:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links: ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the appropriate "County" category
⇒Select the appropriate "Schedule Type" category which takes you to the images
Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.
With either search keep in mind:
- There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
- You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
- Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Tips and Tricks.
Using the Information
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:
- Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
- Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
- Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
Tips to Keep in Mind
- Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
- If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
- Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
- It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
- Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
- Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an county.
- You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
- You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
- Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
- You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
|Don't overlook FHL Keyword Florida, State Census Records items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see the wiki article Florida Archives and Libraries.|
General Information About These Records
The census was created by the state of Florida with partial funding from the Federal government. The census was compiled to obtain a count and description of the population of the state of Florida for representation purposes.
Use the information with some caution. The information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or even by a neighbor. Some information may have been recorded incorrectly, or even deliberately falsified.
For a summary of this information see the wiki article: United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records).
Related Wiki Articles
How You Can Contribute
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Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.
Citations for This Collection
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
- "Florida State Census, 1885 ." Database with Images. FamilySearch. FamilySearch : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M845. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.
Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):
|The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Florida, State Census, 1885.|
|The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Florida, State Census, 1885.|