Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865 .
This article describes a collection of records at
Sumter County, Georgia, United States
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Record Description
Record Type Prisoner of War Records
Record Group RG 249: Records of the Commissary General of Prisoners
Collection years 1864-1865
Microfilm Publication M1303. Selected Records of the War Department Commissary General of Prisoners Relating to Federal Prisoners of War Confined at Andersonville, GA, 1864-65.
National Archives Identifier 576
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
National Archives and Records Administration

What is in the Collection?

Camp Sumter of Andersonville was built beginning in 1864 and was in operation just over a year. During that time 45,000 Union solders were imprisoned with 13,000 deaths.

This collection contains images of records of Federal (Union) prisoners of war confined at Andersonville prison 1862-1865. The collection consists of prison hospital admissions, death and burial records, registers of prison departures, prisoner claims for reimbursements, and consolidated monthly reports. This collection is NARA microfilm publication M1303 and is from Record Group 249 Records of the Commissary General of Prisoners.

Record collections from Record Group 249 in National Archives Microfilm Publication M1303

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865.

Collection Content

Sample Image

What Can this Collection Tell Me?

The records generally include the following:

  • Name of prisoner
  • Date of entry in the report, list, or ledger
  • Reason for entry in the repost, list, or ledger

Depending on the list, the following information may also be included:

  • Birth date and place
  • Death date and place
  • Burial date and place
  • Cause of death
  • Age
  • Physical description
  • Names of relatives or friends
  • Enlistment date and place
  • Last residence prior to enlistment
  • Monies exchanged
  • Release or transfer date

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search you will need to know:

  • The full name of the soldier.
  • The age or birth date of the soldier.
  • The death date of the soldier.

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "Document Type"
⇒Select the "Volume, description, date, and range" which takes you to the images.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor’s prison record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records.

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Use the age to calculate an approximate birth date.
  • Use the birth date or age along with the prior residence, enlistment place, or place of birth to locate census, church, and land records.
  • Death dates may lead to death certificates, mortuary, or burial records.
  • Place of enlistment or previous residence may lead to other military or pension records. Be aware that Confederate pensions were awarded by the individual states.
  • Prisoners who enlisted in the United States military may have service records or pensions from the United States.
  • Compile a list of other prisoners with the same surname. If the surname is uncommon, they may be relatives.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.

I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Look for an index. There are often indexes at the beginning of each volume. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
  • Search the indexes and records of nearby localities.

Related Digital Books

Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865." Images. FamilySearch. : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1303. Washington D.C.: National Archives, n.d.

Image Citation

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

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