Germany, Baden, Church Book Duplicates (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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Germany, Baden, Church Book Duplicates, 1800-1870 .
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Flag of the German Empire, 1871-1917|
|Location of Baden, Germany|
|Map of the German Empire, 1871-1917|
|Baden is located in Germany|
|Record Type||Church Records|
|Title in the Language:||Deutschland, Badische Kirchenbücherduplikaten|
What is in this Collection?
This collection is an index to the civil transcripts of church books from Baden, Germany for the years from 1800 to 1870. The records are of baptisms, marriages, and deaths. Currently the index records from over 50 localities in Baden and additional records are being added as they become available. For a complete list of localities included, see the coverage table in the Wiki article. The Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg hold the original records, which are located in the Staatsarchiv Freiburg and the Generallandesarchiv Karlsruhe. The images for the entire collection have been made available on the websites of the Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg.
These church records are handwritten both in columnar format and in narrative style. Most records are in good condition to extract genealogical information. However, most of the earlier records are written in Gothic German script. These records were kept in bound volumes.
Inspired by the institution of civil registration in France in 1792, German states began creating church book duplicates. The German states required the clergy to create a transcript of their church books and turn them in annually to the state. The clergy recorded the vital events of births, marriages, and deaths of people living within their jurisdiction regardless of their religion. For example, Catholic or Jewish people living in an area that did not have a Catholic church or Jewish synagogue were often recorded in the Lutheran records. The reverse was also true in Catholic areas, where Lutherans and Jews were recorded in Catholic records. The duplicate books cover the majority of the population for those years in the Grand Duchy of Baden. Records may include entries from Kreis Neustadt, Amt Bonndorf, Gemeinde Bonndorf, and Ebnet. Church book duplicates were created for the use of civil authorities.
German church book duplicates, like the originals, are the most reliable and accurate family history source until 1876 when civil registration of births, marriages, and deaths began in all of Germany. Church book duplicates may differ slightly from the originals because of transcription variations; however, these records are often more legible than the originals.
The coverage table to this collection can be found by following the link in the sidebar.
Click on images for a larger view.
Christening Records generally contain the following information:
Marriage Records generally contain the following information:
Death Records generally contain the following information:
How Do I Search The Collection?
Look at each image or record comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images or records and compare the information about the individuals listed to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind there may be more than one person in the records with the same name and you will want to look carefully at dates, places and relations to identify your ancestor from another person. You also may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name if they were known by a nickname or changed their name from the original birth record name. Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life and may be listed in records with any of those variations.
Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
To search the collection fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination.
What do I do Next?
- Use the age in the citizen to find an approximate birth year to begin your search in church or civil records.
- Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have moved, been recruited or lived nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify. Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual. This compiled list can help you identify possible relations that can be further verified by researching vital records in the country.
- When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details such as a title, an occupation, or land ownership. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors.
- Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.
What if I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For?
- Switch to a different record collection. Depending on the time period, either German Civil Registration records or German Church records may be more useful.
- While searching, it is helpful to know such information as the ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as an ancestor and that the ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.
- Keep in mind that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
- Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images. Pay special attention to how the name should have been pronounced and try variations on the pronunciation.
- Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
- Search the indexes and records of local genealogical societies.
Citing this Collection
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
- "Germany, Baden, Church Book Duplicates, 1800-1870." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg, Freiburg, Deutschland (Baden-Württemberg Provincial Archives, Freiburg, Germany).
Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):
|The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Germany, Baden, Church Book Duplicates, 1800-1870.|
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