Gilpin County, Colorado Genealogy

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United StatesGotoarrow.pngColoradoGotoarrow.png Gilpin County

Guide to Gilpin County, Colorado ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Gilpin County, Colorado
Map
Map of Colorado highlighting Gilpin County
Location in the state of Colorado
Map of the U.S. highlighting Colorado
Location of Colorado in the U.S.
Facts
Founded November 1, 1861
County Seat Central City
Courthouse
Address Gilpin County Courthouse
203 Eureka Street
PO Box 366
Central City, CO 80427-0366
Phone: 303.582.5321
Gilpin County Website


County Courthouse

County Clerk has marriage records from 1881
and land recordsc from 1861; Clerk District Court
had divorce and probate records[1]

Historical Facts

Beginning dates for major county records
Birth
Marriage
Death
Tax
Land
Probate
1882 [2]*
1865[3] *
1877 [2]*
1861 ?
1861 ?
1861 ?
*For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries

County Seat

Central City [4]

Gilpin and Jefferson County Vital Records
800 Jefferson County Parkway
Golden, CO 80419
303-271-6450
Fax 303-271-6451




Gilpin County Clerk / Recorder
203 Eureka St.
PO Box 429
Central City, CO 80427
Phone: 303.582.5321
Fax: 303.565.1797
Email:  gcclerk@co.gilpin.co.us
Gilpin County Clerk/Recorder website


Parent County

1861--Gilpin County was created 1 November 1861 as an original county from Arapahoe (old) County, Kansas Territory.

Neighboring Counties

Cogilpin.jpg

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Resources

Cemeteries

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
COGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
COGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Colorado Gravestones
Billion Graves
See Colorado Cemeteries for more information.

Census

For tips on accessing Gilpin County, Colorado Genealogy census records online, see: Colorado Census.


  • 1860-1940 Colorado Census Records from 1860 to 1940 at FamilySearch.org — index/images

Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Colorado denominations, view the Colorado Church Records wiki page.

Court Records

Numerous records are available at Colorado Archives. To use this link scroll down the page to where it asks for Record Type. Click there and scroll down the list to the records you want and select. The next field asks for county. Select the county you want and then click on Search. You can narrow the search by adding the additional information it asks for.

1862-1878 Chancery Court Cases documenting legal decisions rendered by the territorial and district court of Gilpin County for the years 1862 - 1878. Chancery cases are those types of cases where justice was applied in circumstances not specifically covered by law during these years. Names appearing on this index most likely include some of the early gold seekers that came west in search of fortune and fame.

Directories

Genealogy

Genealogy Trails - Gilpin County Genealogy and History website

Local History and Biography

Local histories are available for Gilpin County, Colorado Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Colorado Local Histories.

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Colorado Land and Property for additional information about early Colorado land grants.

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where current records are also housed.


Maps

Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Gilpin County, Colorado Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection has searchable digital copies of newspapers from all over the state of Colorado. The list of newspapers available for Gilpin county includes the Daily Mining Journal (Nov 1863 - Dec 1866) from Black Hawk, and the Daily Register Call (March 1868 - Feb 1879) and Evening Call (Feb 1878 - June 1878) from Central City. Newspapers that are available on this site date from 1859-1923 and are searchable.

Obituaries

Probate Records

Probate records have been kept by the county courts. Colorado probate records include bonds, affidavits, letters, claims, appraisals, fee accounts, minutes, judgments, dockets, calendars, case files, and wills. The Family History Library does not have copies of probate records from Colorado.

You may obtain copies of documents from the clerk's office in the county courthouse.


Online Records

Repositories

Archives

The Colorado State Archives has the following records available for Gilpin County, Colorado Genealogy in this online database Archives Search. For a full list of online holdings, click here.
(Statewide)
1880-1939 Divorce Index
1883-1900 Mine Accidents, Non - fatal
1897-1920 Horseshoers
1936-1942 Civilian Conservation Corps Enrollments
1966-1968 Vietnam Deaths


1861-1882 Gilpin County District Court Filings
1862-1878 Gilpin County Chancery Cases
1864-1944 Gilpin County Marriages
1867-1876 Gilpin County Bankruptcy Docket
1874-1892 Gilpin County Probate Court Civil Case Filings
1910-1922 Gilpin County Inheritance Tax

Courthouse
Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.


Libraries

Gilpin County Library District
15131 Highway 119
Golden, CO 80403
Phone: (303) 582-5777
Gilpin Co. Public Library website

Museums
Societies
  • Gilpin Historical Society
    228 High Street
    P O Box 247
    Central City, Colorado 80427-0247
    Telephone: 303-582-5283
    Gilpin Historical Society webpage

Taxation

Colorado tax records complement land records and can be used as supplements to censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records. To find tax records in the FamilySearch Catalog, do a Place Search for the county.


Colorado State Archives has put the Gilpin County Inheritance Tax Records Index for the years 1910-1922 on-line.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Vital Records Section Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Colorado.

Colorado Vital Records

Birth

Birth records may become public records when 100 years have elapsed after the date of birth. EXCEPTION: The birth record of any individual who is known to be currently alive will remain confidential even if they are 100 years of age or greater. [5]

For in-state births from 1903 to present, certificates can be obtained from Jefferson County Vital Statistics office. For birth certificates before 1903 contact the county where the birth occurred or the State Health Department at (303) 756-4464.

If you are obtaining a birth certificate for a sibling, parent, grandparent, etc., you will need to show chain of relationship. Examples are: A sibling could provide their birth certificate to show same parents. If you are trying to get a grandparent's birth certificate you will need to show your birth certificate, plus your parent's birth certificate to show chain of relationship. If you have questions on this please call our office at 303-271-6450.

Marriage

The Gilpin County Recorder's office will search their indexes if you call or come in to the office. If a record is found, a copy can be purchased in person or by mail. Call 303 582-5321.

Death

Death records may become public records when 75 years have elapsed after the date of death. [5]

Certificates can be obtained from the Jefferson County Vital Statistics office.To obtain a recent death certificate, you must show a direct and tangible interest to the deceased. Relatives include wife, mother, father, child (if they are listed on the death certificate). If they are not listed on the death certificate they must show proof of relationship. This would include maternal grandparents, paternal grandparents, siblings if they can prove chain of relationship. If you have questions on this please call our office at 303-271-6450.

Divorce

All divorces and divorce records are handled by the Colorado Judicial District 1, County Combined Courts. Please contact their office directly at 303-271-6145 or Fax: 303-271-6188.

Jefferson County Combined Courts
100 Jefferson County Parkway
Golden CO 80401

Places

Black Hawk

Central City

Coal Creek

Nevadaville

Rollinsville

Pinecliff

Russell Gulch

Web Sites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Gilpin County, Colorado. Page 98 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Earliest Colorado Vital Records on File in Colorado Counties, Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, www.colorado.gov
  3. The Red Book, American State, County, and Town Sources. Edited by Alice Eichholz. (Ancestry, Provo; 3d ed, 2004.) Colorado article by Birdie Monk Holzclaw and Marsha Hoffman Rising. page 92,
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. 5.0 5.1 Letter from Colorado State Registrar, Dated September 1, 2011. Policy Number 2011- 08. http://www.colorado.gov