Hamilton County, Nebraska Genealogy

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United States

Hamilton County

Hamilton County, Nebraska
Map of Nebraska highlighting Hamilton County
Location in the state of Nebraska
Map of the U.S. highlighting Nebraska
Location of Nebraska in the U.S.
Founded February 16, 1867
County Seat Aurora
Address Hamilton County Courthouse
1111 13th Street, Ste. 1
Aurora, NE 68818-2017
Phone: 402.694.3443
County Website

Hamilton County, Nebraska genealogy and family history research page. Guide to genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.


County Information

Hamilton County, Nebraska Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1871 1870 1871 1871

County Courthouse

County Clerk has marriage and land records from 1870. County Judge has probate and court records. Clerk District Court has divorce records. [2]


Hamilton County, named for Alexander Hamilton, was part of the Louisiana territory and therefore ruled by both the French and the Spanish in its early history. After the Louisiana Purchase and the formation of the Territory of Nebraska, Hamilton County was formed in 1867. In 1846 Mormon Pioneers settled on the Platte River creating a colony. German and Irish immigrants arrived soon afterward. Both the Sioux and Pawnee Indians were early inhabitants of the area. The Overland Trail, which led pioneers to Salt Lake, California and Oregon added to and took from the local population as well as provided a source of income for the inhabitants.

Parent County

1867 Hamilton County was created 16 February 1867 from unorganized territory. County seat: Aurora [3]


Boundary Changes

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Populated Places [4]

  • Abbott
  • Alda
  • Cairo
  • Doniphan
  • Grand Island
  • Hansen
  • Shelton
  • Wood River

Neighboring Counties



Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
NEGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
NEGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Nebraska Cemeteries
Billion Graves
See Nebraska Cemeteries for more information.


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 130
1880 8,267 6259.2%
1890 14,096 70.5%
1900 13,330 −5.4%
1910 13,459 1.0%
1920 13,237 −1.6%
1930 12,159 −8.1%
1940 9,982 −17.9%
1950 8,778 −12.1%
1960 8,714 −0.7%
1970 8,867 1.8%
1980 9,301 4.9%
1990 8,862 −4.7%
2000 9,403 6.1%
2010 9,124 −3.0%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

For tips on accessing Hamilton County, Nebraska Genealogy census records online, see: Nebraska Census.

State Census Records
Federal Census Records

Federal Censuses were taken for Nebraska starting in 1860. For links to Federal census indexes, see Nebraska Census.


Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Nebraska denominations, view the Nebraska Church Records wiki page.



Local Histories

Local histories are available for Hamilton County, Nebraska Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Nebraska Local Histories.


Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Nebraska Land and Property for additional information about early Nebraska land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

For more information see Nebraska Land and Property

Maps and Gazetteers



Early migration routes to and from Hamilton County for European and African American settlers included:


Revolutionary War
Civil War


For information on Nebraska newspapers, see Nebraska Newspapers. Nebraska Newspapers Online

Nebraska Newspaper Catalogs


In most counties in Nebraska, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Nebraska - Hamilton - Probate records.

Online Probate Records


Nebraska tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

Marriage Records

Online Marriage Records Indexes and Images

Societies and Libraries

County, Township and City Societies


Family History Centers

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 452-465. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Hamilton County, Nebraska page 431, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Hamilton County, Nebraska," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamilton_County,_Nebraska, accessed 1 August 2016.
  5. Jim Tompkins, "The Oregon Trail 1841-1848 Map I" in Oregon Trail Landmarks at http://www.oregonpioneers.com/OTMap1.jpg (accessed 18 July 2011).
  6. "Oregon California Trails Association" at http://octatrails.micromaps.com/ (accessed 18 July 2011).
  7. "The Pioneer Story: The Mormon Pioneer Trail" in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at http://lds.org/gospellibrary/pioneer/pioneerstory.htm (accessed 18 July 2011).
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