Hand County, South Dakota Genealogy

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United States
South Dakota
Hand County

Guide to Hand County, South Dakota ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


County Facts
County seat: Miller
Organized: January 8, 1873
Parent County(s): Buffalo [1]
Neighboring Counties
Beadle  • Buffalo  • Faulk  • Hyde  • Jerauld  • Spink
See County Maps
Location Map
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County Information


It's county seat is Miller. It was organized 1882. It is located in the central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Hand County Courthouse
415 W 1st Avenue
Miller, SD 57362-1346
Phone: 605.853.3512

Register of Deeds has birth and death records from 1905, burial and land records;
County Treasurer has marriage records from 1883;
Clerk Court has divorce records from late 1800’s, probate records from 1880’s and court records from 1889[3]

Hand County, South Dakota Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1873 1873 1880

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

The following are locations in the county[4]

Unincorporated communites
  • Polo
Census-designated places
  • Alden
  • Alpha
  • Bates
  • Burdette
  • Campbell
  • Carlton
  • Cedar
  • Como
  • Florence
  • Gilbert
  • Glendale
  • Grand
  • Greenleaf
  • Hiland
  • Holden
  • Hulbert
  • Linn
  • Logan
  • Midland
  • Miller
  • Mondamin
  • Ohio
  • Ontario
  • Park
  • Pearl
  • Plato
  • Pleasant Valley
  • Ree Heights
  • Riverside
  • Rockdale
  • Rose Hill
  • St. Lawrence
  • Spring Hill
  • Spring Lake
  • Wheaton
  • York
Unorganized territories
  • Northwest Hand


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Hand County, South Dakota online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See South Dakota Cemeteries for more information
  • Ebenezer Baptist Cemetery transcription by odessa3.org listing the lot and plot number, name of deceased and information on headstone.

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1880 153
1890 6,346 4047.7%
1900 4,525 −28.7%
1910 7,870 73.9%
1920 8,778 11.5%
1930 9,485 8.1%
1940 7,166 −24.4%
1950 7,149 −0.2%
1960 6,712 −6.1%
1970 5,883 −12.4%
1980 4,948 −15.9%
1990 4,272 −13.7%
2000 3,741 −12.4%
2010 3,431 −8.3%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

State Census Records

Federal Census Records

Federal Censuses were taken for South Dakota starting in 1910. For links to Federal census indexes, see South Dakota Census.

Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about South Dakota denominations, view the South Dakota Church Records wiki page.

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See South Dakota Land and Property for additional information about early South Dakota land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Online Land Records

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Hand County, South Dakota Genealogy. County and town histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section South Dakota Local Histories.

  • Bring on the pioneers: history of Hand County. 1978. By Scott Heidepriem. Miller, South Dakota : S. Heidepriem. Online at: ; At various libraries (WorldCat).

Maps and Gazetteers


Military Records

Civil War

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship


South Dakota Newspapers Online

South Dakota Newspaper Catalogs

  • U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present on Chronicling America - contains a list of all known newspapers and the dates they cover; once you locate a newspaper name, contact the local library to see if they have copies of the newspaper.

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Hand County, South Dakota Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Other Records


Probate Records

In most counties in South Dakota, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for South Dakota, Hand then click Probate records.

Online Records

School Records

Tax Records

South Dakota tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. See the CDC Where to Write website for information on acquiring copies of these records.





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.




Hand County Historical Society
426 N Broadway
Miller, SD 57362
Telephone: 605-853-3289
E-mail: sschroedertc@turtlecreek.net


Research Guides


  1. 1.0 1.1 The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hand_County,_South_Dakota accessed 1/31/2017
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002)Hand County, South Dakota, p.625
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Hand County, South Dakota," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hand_County%2C_South_Dakota accessed 4 November 2016.