Hemphill County, Texas Genealogy

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United States
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Hemphill County

Guide to Hemphill County Texas ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


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Hemphill County, Texas
Map
Map of Texas highlighting Hemphill County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 21 August, 1876
County Seat Canadian
Courthouse
TexasHemphillCourthouse.jpg
Address Hemphill County Courthouse
PO Box 867
Canadian, TX 79014-0867
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County Information


County Courthouse

Hemphill County Courthouse
PO Box 867
Canadian, TX 79014-0867
Phone: 806.323.6212

County Clerk has birth records from 1876,
death records from 1910, marriage, divorce,
probate, court and land records from 1887[1]


County and District Clerk

P.O. Box 867
Canadian 79014
Phone: 806-323-6212

Hemphill County, Texas Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1903 1887 1880 1887 1887


History

Parent County

1876--Hemphill County was created 21 August 1876 from Bexar Land District.

  • County seat: Canadian [2]

1887--Hemphill County was attached to Wheeler County for administrative purposes until 1887. At that time, Canadian became the county seat.[3]

Boundary Changes

1930 -- The US Supreme Court relocated the 100th meridian about 3700 feet to the east. This moved the eastern border of the Texas Panhandle.  Hemphill County gained area that was once in Oklahoma.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places / Localities

Ghost Towns & Former Communities

Clear Creek (Hogtown) | Dreyfoos | Gageby | Gem | Mendota | Midway | Zybach

Populated Places

Canadian | Cataline | Glazier

Neighboring Counties

Ellis County, Oklahoma  • Gray  • Lipscomb  • Ochiltree  • Roberts  • Roger Mills County, Oklahoma  • Wheeler

Ochiltree CountyLipscomb CountyHemphill CountyRoberts CountyGray CountyWheeler CountyBeaver CountyRoger Mills CountyEllis CountyTX HEMPHILL.JPG

Resources

Cemeteries

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
FindAGrave Family History Library FindAGrave
Linkpendium WorldCat Tombstone Project
Billion Graves (name) Cemeteries of TX
GenWeb Archives Texas Cemeteries
Billion Graves (cemetery) TX Gravestones
Names in Stone Epodunk
Interment
See Texas Cemeteries for more information.

Census

Church

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death/burial date and place. For general information about Texas denominations, view the Texas Church Records wiki page.


Court

Land

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.


Local Histories

Local histories are available for Hemphill County, Texas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Texas Local Histories.

Maps

Txhemphill.jpg

Military

Mexican-American War
Civil War
World War I

Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Hemphill County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

TX Newspaper Abstracts (For instructions see WorldCat Online Catalog).

Probate

Probate records of Texas have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Records

Taxation

Texas tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Texas Taxation.

1846-1910 Texas County Tax Rolls lists FHL films with county tax lists. The lists vary by county and year. Most records are between the years of 1846 - 1910.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

Certified birth and death certificates or birth and death verifications can be ordered online or by mail at the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health. Copies can also be obtained from the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred and are often less expensive. You can also order them online through a third party company.

Marriages records can be obtained from the county the marriage occurred. Only marriage verifications can be obtained from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health.

See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas.

Birth

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Marriage

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Death

Online Death Indexes and Records

Divorce

Societies and Libraries

Hemphill County Hist. & Genealogical Society
Rt 2
Canadian 79014

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Websites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Hemphill County, Texas. Page 666 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Handbook of Texas Online: Hemphill County http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hch12