Hispanics in the Civil War
Hispanics from various states and countries fought on both sides, Union and Confederate. In the Southeast, Hispanics mostly served in the Confederate military. About 2500 fought for the Confederacy and about 1000 for the Union. However by the end of the war, 10,000 were in the military.
The highest levels of Hispanic participation occurred in the Southwest states and territories.
For additional information, see:
- The Wikipedia article, Hispanics in the American Civil War
- The National Park Service article, Hispanics and the Civil War
Confederate Military Units
The Spanish Guards company was exclusively men of Spanish ancestry. It served as a home guard for the city of Mobile.
Florida's 2nd Infantry had many Hispanic soldiers.
New Orleans' European Brigade had nearly 800 Hispanics. This was a home guard of 4,500 to keep order and defend the city.
The Louisiana Tigers were the brigades of Brigadier General Harry T. Hays's and Brigadier General William E. Starke. These brigades included Anglo and Creole Louisianans, "plus men from Spain, Cuba, Mexico, and other Latin American countries."
Union Military Units
The New Mexico Volunteer Infantry had 157 Hispanic officers. Union commander, Colonel Edward Canby met Confederate forces in New Mexico on February 21, 1862, with 3,800 troops, including 2,500 Hispanic soldiers of the New Mexico Volunteers and militia.
- National Park Service, Hispanics in the Civil War, gives the history of the Hispanics during the war as well as short biographies of several of the Hispanics involved.