Idaho Military Records

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United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png Idaho Gotoarrow.png Military Records

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The US Military Records Wiki article provides more information on Federal military records and search strategies.

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The major depository for military records in the United States is the National Archives. Copies of many of these records and others are found at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City and at other federal and state archives. For Idaho the following sources are also very helpful.

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Forts

Forts were authorized by the federal government, built to house and maintain the military who were to assist in maintaining peace by enforcing treaties and providing protection to settlers.

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Fort Boise
Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Fort Hall

For brief histories of many of the forts of the Old West, see Darrel Wakley's web site, which includes a chapter on Forts of the Old West, arranged by state.

Indian Wars (1780s-1890s)

Many soldiers served in Idaho and other western states during the Indian Wars. The Family History Library has enlistment registers for soldiers who served in the regular army from 1798 to 1914. These provide the soldier's rank, unit, commanders, physical description, occupation, and birthplace. The records are arranged by year and by the first letter of the surname. FHL film 350307 (first film).

United States, Registers of Enlistments in the U. S. Army, 1798 - 1914 Images of the records of men who enlisted in the United States Army, 1798-1914.

An index of pension applications filed between 1892-1926, for service in the Indian Wars from 1817 to 1898. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL films 821610-21; book 973 M22whi The pension records are at the National Archives.

Mexican War (1846-1848)

The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided.

Click on these links to learn more about the Mexican War and about Mexican War pension records.

Civil War (1861-1865)

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See Idaho in the Civil War for information about Idaho Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Idaho regiments involved in the Civil War.

The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.

Spanish-American War (1898)

The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.

Indexes

Click on the link to learn more about the Spanish American War.

World War I (1917-1918)

World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States. 

Draft Registration Cards

See WWI Draft Records for more information.

Roster of Soldiers Who Died in World War I

A published roster of soldiers who died in World War I is W.M. Haulsee, et al, Soldiers in the Great War, Three Volumes. (Washington, D.C.: Soldiers Record Publishing Association, 1920) FHL fiche 6051244; book 973 M23s Volume 1 includes Idaho. A digitized version can be accessed at the FamilySearch Catalog entry.

World War II (1941-1945)

Draft Registrations

On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.

Also available at:

Veterans History Project (Oral Histories)

The Idaho Oral History Center has conducted interviews of many veterans of World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam Conflict, who served from Idaho. A list of those interviewed is available on the Idaho State Archives web site.

World War II United States Military Records provides additional information.

Korean War (1950–1953)

The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the Korean War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Vietnam War (1964–1972)

The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the Vietnam War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Museums

The Idaho State Military Museum in Boise

Websites:

References

Michno, Gregory F. Encyclopedia of Indian Wars Western Battles and Skirmishes 1850-1890. (Mountain Press Publishing OC., Missoula, Montana C. 2003) At various libraries (WorldCat) ISBN 0-87842-468-7

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