Idaho Superintendency of Indian Affairs

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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Bureau of Indian Affairs Gotoarrow.png Superintendencies Gotoarrow.png Idaho Superintendency

History

The Idaho Superintendency of Indian Affairs was established in 1863. After the Superintendency was abolished in 1870, after which the agents reported directly to the Office of Indian Affairs in Washington, DC. Correspondence continued to be filed under "Idaho" until the filing system was changed in 1881, however.

Records for Superintendencies exist in the National Archives and copies of many of them are also available in other research facilities.

Tribes

Nez Perce, Shoshone, Bannock, Coeur d'Alene, Kutenai, Pend d'Oreille, Spokan

Special Agent, Governors and Ex Officio Superintendents and Army Officer Detailed as Superintendent

George C. Hough served as special agent, 1866-1869, William H. Wallace March 10, 1863, Caleb Lyon February 26, 1864, David W. Ballard April 10, 1876, and Col. DeLancey Floyd-Jones June 17, 1876 [1]

Agencies

Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value (for the tribe and tribal members) were created by and maintained by the agencies.

The Flathead and Blackfeet Agencies were under the jurisdiction of the Idaho Superintendency for a very short time in 1863-64.

Records

Records of the Idaho Superintendent of Indian Affairs, 1863-1870, are at the National Archives and have been microfilmed as their Microcopy Number M832. Copies are also available at the Seattle Regional Archives. This same set of microfilm of the records of the Idaho Superintendency are also available at the Family History Library and its family history centers.

Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Idaho Superintendency, 1863-1880, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers on their microfilm roll numbers 1661067 thru 1661083.

References

Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].

Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington [District of Columbia]: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1981.

Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.

Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington, DC:

  1. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing Co., New York, NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o