Kansas, State Census, 1865 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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This article describes a collection of records scheduled to become available at FamilySearch.org.
Kansas, United States
Kansas flag.png
Flag of Kansas
US Locator Kansas.png
Location of Kansas
Record Description
Record Type Census Records
Collection years 1865-1865
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites




What is in the Collection?

The collection consists of a name index of the Kansas state census taken in 1865. The census enumerates all household members.

To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Kansas State Census, 1865.

Collection Content

Sample Image

Kansas became a state in 1861 and later passed a law requiring a state census every ten years to number the population of the various counties in order to determine apportionment of the state legislature. The first state census was taken in 1865 and continued until 1925, as the law was repealed in 1933.

What Can this Collection Tell Me?

The census usually includes the following information:

  • Name of every person whose usual place of abode on May 1, 1865 was in this family
  • Age
  • Sex
  • Color
  • Regiment if in military
  • Company if in military
  • Occupation of everyone over 15
  • Value of real estate
  • Value of personal estate
  • Place of birth (state, territory, or country)
  • Marital status
  • If attended school within the year
  • Whether literate
  • Whether deaf, dumb, blind, insane, pauper or a convict

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search it helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor
  • The place in Kansas where your ancestor lived
  • The names of other household members

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information in the list to what you already know about your ancestor to determine if it is the correct family or person. You may need to compare several persons in the list before you find your ancestor.

Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:


For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.


What Do I Do Next?

Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members.

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
  • Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
  • Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
  • Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
  • Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.

I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now?

  • Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
  • Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
  • Search the indexes and records of Kansas, United States Genealogy.
  • Search in the Kansas Archives and Libraries.


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.


Collection Citation:

"Kansas State Census, 1865." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record will be available with each record once the collection is published.




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