Kings County, Nova Scotia Genealogy

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Kings County

Guide to Kings county ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

Map of Nova Scotia Kings.png

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History

Les Mines and Grand Pre began to be colonized in the 1680s when Acadians were driven from Port Royal. The Acadian farmers lived harmoniously with the Mi'kmaq tribe. The Acadians and Mi'kmaq fought numerous battles against the British but were defeated resulting in the expulsion of the Acadians to the New England Colonies. The British repopulating the land with Loyalist settlers from New England. The population grew in the 1780's with settlers from England and Ireland. Loyalist were accompanied by slaves and freed Blacks who settled in Horton and Cornwallis townships. This initial African population increased with larger migrations following the American Revolution and especially the War of 1812. Further waves of immigration followed in the following two centuries, adding to the population and diversity of Kings County.

Maps and Gazetteers

1700-1900 - Nova Scotia.ca Historical Maps of Nova Scotia
1895 - Collections Canada Electoral Atlas of the Dominion of Canada (1895)

Populated Places Table

1 2 3 4 5

POPULATED PLACE

FORMER NAME, if applicable TYPE

FHL  CATALOG

WIKIPEDIA

Auburn         Link   Link
Avonport         Link   Link
Aylesford         Link   Link
Aylesford Township         Link   Link
Berwick        Link   Link
Berwick North        Link   Link
Bishopville        Link   Link
Canaan         Link   Link
Canning         Link   Link
Chipman's Corner         Link   Link
Cornwallis Township           Link   Link
East Dalhousie        Link   Link
Grand Pré           Link   Link
Greenwich          Link   Link
Horton           Link 
Horton Township        Link   Link
Kentville        Link   Link
Kingston        Link   Link
North Grand Pré        Link   Link
Pereau        
  Link
Pereaux         Link   Link
Pleasant Valley         
  Link
Port Williams        Link   Link
Prospect         Link   Link
Sheffield Mills        Link   Link
Starrs Point         Link   Link
Wolfville        Link   Link

Neighboring Counties

Cumberland County * Colchester County * Hants County * Lunenburg County * Annapolis County

Civil Registrations

According to Nova Scotia Archives Records Management:
"Civil registration of vital statistics began in Nova Scotia in 1763 with the introduction of procedures for obtaining a marriage licence; the procedure was optional and the surviving records are incomplete. Formalized registration of births, deaths and marriages began in 1864 and continued to 1877, at which time record-keeping lapsed for births and deaths, but continued for marriages. Compliance was not universal during this period and there are gaps in the surviving records. Since 1 October 1908, birth, death and marriage registrations have been collected and maintained continuously."

Birth Records

Marriage Records


Death Records


Census

In Canada, census returns are closed for 92 years after the time of enumeration. Census returns prior to 1851 are rarely complete for any area.

  • 1861 - For each county, the agricultural returns follow immediately after the personal returns for the whole county.
  • 1871 - The personal returns for each enumeration sub-district appear in schedule one. The agricultural returns are schedules three to five and are keyed to schedule one by page and line number rather than by name.

Online Searchable Databases, Books and Images

Year Name of Collection Where Available

1671

Acadian genealogy exchange - v. 5, no. 4 Oct 1976;

FamilySearch Books Online Acadian Families in 1671 begins on page 118
At various libraries (WorldCat)

1708 East Coast of Arcadia 1708 At various libraries (WorldCat)
FamilySearch
1714 Acadian families in 1714 At various libraries (WorldCat)
FamilySearch
1752 1752 census of Isle Royale (Cape Breton, Nova Scotia) At various libraries (WorldCat)
FamilySearch
1770 Nova Scotia 1770 census Nova Scotia Archives
Ancestry ($)
FamilySearch
1800-1842 Ontario and Nova Scotia Census, 1800-1842 Ancestry ($)
1811-1818 Nova Scotia Census Returns, 1811, 1817 and 1818 Nova Scotia Archives
1827 Nova Scotia Census Returns 1827 Nova Scotia Archives
Ancestry ($)
FamilySearch
WorldCat
1838 Nova Scotia Census Returns 1838 Nova Scotia Archives
1851 Canada Census, 1851 Archives of Canada
FamilySearch
Ancestry ($)
1861 Census of Canada, 1861 Archives of Canada
FamilySearch
Ancestry ($)
1871 Census of Canada, 1871 Archives of Canada
FamilySearch
Ancestry ($)
1871-1901 Jewish residents of the Maritime provinces in the 1871-1901 censuses of Canada FamilySearch
WorldCat
1881 Census of Canada, 1881 Archives of Canada
FamilySearch
Ancestry ($)
1891 Census of Canada, 1891 Archives of Canada
FamilySearch
Ancestry ($)
1901 Census of Canada, 1901 Archives of Canada
FamilySearch
Ancestry ($)
1911 Census of Canada, 1911 Archives of Canada
FamilySearch
Ancestry ($)
1921 Census of Canada, 1921 Ancestry ($)

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Kings County online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online


Tombstone Transcriptions in
Print


List of Cemeteries in the County

Church Records

See also, Nova Scotia Church Records

City, Provincial, and Business Directories

Court Records

Wills and Probate

Land Records

Online Records

Additional Reference

  • Gilroy, Marion. Loyalists and Land Settlement in Nova Scotia. Halifax: Public Archives of Nova Scotia, 1937.
  • Smith, Clifford Neal. Whereabouts of Some American Refugees, 1784–1800: the Nova Scotian Land Grants. 7 vols. McNeal, Arizona: Vestland Publications, 1992.

Military Records

Online Sources

  • Veteran Affairs Canada has a Virtual War Memorial with listings of graves and memorials, some with photographs and personal memorabilia. It also has excerpts from wartime letters and diaries.
  • 1910-1967 - The Royal Canadian Navy Virtual archive of non-governmental materials (postcards, letters, photographs, etc.)

Newspapers and Obituaries

  • List of Nova Scotia newspapers available on microfilm at Library and Archives Canada:
    Library and Archives Canada
  • Nova Scotia vital statistics from newspapers FamilySearch
  • 1752-1988 - Hicks, Brenda, Lynn Murphy, and Anjali Vohra. Nova Scotia Newspapers: A Directory and Union List, 1752-1988. Halifax, Nova Scotia: School of Library and Information Studies, Dalhousie University, 1990.
  • 1757-1957 - Tratt, Gertrude E. N. A Survey and Listing of Nova Scotia Newspapers, 1752-1957, with Particular Reference to the Period Before 1867. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Dalhousie University, 1979.

Taxation Records

Repositories

Nova Scotia Archives & Records Management, formerly the Public Archives of Nova Scotia (PANS):
6016 University Avenue
Halifax, Nova Scotia
(902) 424-6060
www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/
The library holdings are only available for use on-site, but there are numerous databases and materials available through the Virtual Archives, including the searchable database of Historical Vital Statistics. If you're planning a visit to the library, you can search a portion of the catalogue online in advance (as of July 2010, 20,000 entries); the remaining 50,000 titles are listed in the Archives Reading Room Card Catalogue, available onsite.

Websites


References

  • Genealogy Source: Where to Find Genealogical Information in Nova Scotia. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Council of Nova Scotia Archives, 2002.
  • Elliot, Noel Montgomery, ed. The Atlantic Canadians, 1600–1900: An Alphabetized Directory of the People, Places, and Vital Dates. 3 vols. Toronto: Genealogical Research Library, 1994.
  • Marble, Allan E. A Catalogue of Published Genealogies of Nova Scotia Families. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Genealogical Association of the Royal Nova Scotia Historical Society, 1984.
  • Morris, Julie. Tracing Your Ancestors in Nova Scotia. Halifax: Public Archives of Nova Scotia, 1987.
  • Peterson, Jean, Lynn Murphy, and Heather MacDonald. The Loyalist Guide: Nova Scotian Loyalists and Their Documents. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Public Archives of Nova Scotia, 1983.
  • Punch, Terrence M. Erin's Sons: Irish Arrivals in Atlantic Canada to 1863. 4 vols. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2008-2010.
  • Punch, Terrence M. Genealogical Research in Nova Scotia. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Petheric Press, 1978.
  • Punch, Terrence M. Genealogist's Handbook for Atlantic Canada Research. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1989.
  • Punch, Terrence M. In Which County?: Nova Scotia Surnames from Birth Registers, 1864 to 1877. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Genealogical Association of the Royal Nova Scotia Historical Society, 1985.
  • Smith, Leonard H, and Norma H. Smith. Nova Scotia Immigrants to 1867. 2 vols. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1992. Also digitized and searchable on Ancestry.com
  • County Guide Series, No. 5. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Public Archives of Nova Scotia, 1990.