Limestone County, Texas Genealogy

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Guide to Limestone County Texas ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Limestone County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Limestone County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Founded 11 April, 1846
County Seat Groesbeck
Address Limestone County Courthouse
200 West State Street
PO Box 350
Groesbeck, Texas 76642
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County Information

County Courthouse

Limestone County Courthouse
200 West State Street PO Box 350
Groesbeck, Texas 76642
Phone: 254.729.5504

County Clerk has birth and death records from 1903, marriage records from 1873, probate records from 1880’s, land records from late 1800’s, court records from 1900’s and military records from 1920’s; Distric Clerk has divorce

County Clerk

P.O. Box 350
Groesbeck 76642
Phone: 254-729-5504
Fax: 254-729-2951

District Clerk

P.O. Box 230
Groesbeck 76642
Phone: 254-729-3206
Fax: 254-729-2960

Limestone County, Texas Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1903 1873 1850 1873 1874


Parent County

1846--Limestone County was created 11 April 1846 from Robertson County.

  • County seat:
  1. 1846-1873: Springfield
  2. 1873-present: Groesbeck[2][3]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

1873--Limestone County Courthouse at Springfield and most county records were destroyed by fire in October 1873.

1891--Limestone County Courthouse at Groesbeck destroyed by fire on February 1, 1891.  Records were stored in vaults and were not lost. [4]

1954--The Old Limestone County Courthouse, built in 1891, was destroyed by fire in May 1954. It had not been used as a courthouse since 1924, when the current courthouse was built.[5]

Places / Localities

Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Populated Places

Cities and Towns: Groesbeck | Mexia | Coolidge | Fair Oaks | Kosse | Tehuacana | Thornton

Neighboring Counties

Falls  • Freestone  • Hill  • Leon  • McLennan  • Navarro  • Robertson

Hill CountyMcLennan CountyFalls CountyNavarro CountyLimestone CountyRobertson CountyFreestone CountyLeon CountyTX LIMESTONE.JPG
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Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information. 

Online Grave Transcripts  Published Grave Transcripts  County Cemetery Directories Family History Library

WorldCat Names in Stone
Billion Graves
Billion Graves 
Cemeteries of Texas 
Names in Stone 

See Texas Cemeteries for more information.



Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death/burial date and place. For general information about Texas denominations, view the Texas Church Records wiki page.



After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Limestone County, Texas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Texas Local Histories.

  • A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas, 1883. Digital book on line from the Portal to Texas History.




Mexican-American War
Civil War


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Limestone County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

TX Newspaper Abstracts (For instructions see WorldCat Online Catalog).


Probate records of Texas have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Records


Texas tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Texas Taxation.

1846-1910 Texas County Tax Rolls lists FHL films with county tax lists. The lists vary by county and year. Most records are between the years of 1846 - 1910.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

Certified birth and death certificates or birth and death verifications can be ordered online or by mail at the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health. Copies can also be obtained from the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred and are often less expensive. You can also order them online through a third party company.

Marriages records can be obtained from the county the marriage occurred. Only marriage verifications can be obtained from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health.

See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas.


Online Birth Indexes and Records


Online Marriage Indexes and Records


Online Death Indexes and Records


Societies and Libraries

Hill County Genealogical Society
PO Box 636
Hillsboro, Texas 76645

Limestone County Genealogical Society
350 East Rusk Street
PO Box 1437
Mexia 76667

Gibbs Memorial Library
305 E Rusk St
Mexia, TX 76667

Maffett Memorial Library
601 W Yeagua St
Groesbeck, TX 76642

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.


  • TXGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the county.
  • FamilySearch Catalog The catalog is genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) This catalog is different than the indexed Historical Records.


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Limestone County, Texas. Page 669 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Limestone County: Handbook of Texas Online
  4. - Groesbeck, TX Courthouse Fire, Feb 1891
  5. - Groesbeck, TX Old Courthouse Fire, May 1954