Madison County, Nebraska Genealogy

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United States
Madison County
Madison County, Nebraska
Map of Nebraska highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Nebraska
Map of the U.S. highlighting Nebraska
Location of Nebraska in the U.S.
Founded January 26, 1856
County Seat Madison
Address Madison County Courthouse
1313 N. Main St.
P.O. Box 290
Madison, NE 68748-0290
Phone: 402.454.3311

Madison County, Nebraska genealogy and family history research page. Guide to genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.


County Information

Madison County, Nebraska Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1868 1870 1867 1867

County Courthouse

County Clerk has marriage and land records from 1868, probate records from 1863, divorce and court records from 1907. [1]


Parent County

1856 Madison County was created 26 January 1856 from McNeale and Loup (old) Counties. County seat: Madison [2]


Madison County is in the third tier of counties, south from the Missouri River, on the north line of the state, and the fourth tier from the same river on the east line of the state. [3] Madison County was founded 1867.[4]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Populated Places[5]

  • Battle Creek
  • Emerick
  • Enola
  • Kalamazoo
  • Madison
  • Meadow Grove
  • Newman Grove (partial)
  • Norfolk
  • Tilden (partial)
  • Warnerville

Neighboring Counties



Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
NEGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
NEGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Nebraska Cemeteries
Billion Graves
See Nebraska Cemeteries for more information.


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 1,133
1880 5,589 393.3%
1890 13,669 144.6%
1900 16,976 24.2%
1910 19,101 12.5%
1920 22,511 17.9%
1930 26,037 15.7%
1940 24,269 −6.8%
1950 24,338 0.3%
1960 25,145 3.3%
1970 27,402 9.0%
1980 31,382 14.5%
1990 32,655 4.1%
2000 35,226 7.9%
2010 34,876 −1.0%
Source: "".
State Census Records
Federal Census Records

Federal Censuses were taken for Nebraska starting in 1860. For links to Federal census indexes, see Nebraska Census.

For tips on accessing Madison County, Nebraska Genealogy census records online, see: Nebraska Census.


Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Nebraska denominations, view the Nebraska Church Records wiki page.



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Nebraska Land and Property for additional information about early Nebraska land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

For more information see Nebraska Land and Property

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Madison County, Nebraska Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Nebraska Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers



Revolutionary War
Civil War


For information on Nebraska newspapers, see Nebraska Newspapers. Nebraska Newspapers Online

Nebraska Newspaper Catalogs


In most counties in Nebraska, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Nebraska - Madison - Probate records.

Online Probate Records


Nebraska tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

Marriage Records

Online Marriage Records Indexes and Images

Societies and Libraries

County, Township and City Societies


Family History Centers

  • Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Madison County, Nebraska page 432, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. accessed 09/29/2016
  4.,_Nebraska accessed 09/29/2016
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Madison County, Nebraska," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Nebraska, accessed 1 August 2016.