Help:Magic words

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Wiki Help Gotoarrow.png Tables and templates Gotoarrow.png Magic words

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Much of the information on this page explains options for users who wish to create templates with advanced features. Most users will only be interested in some of the behavior switches listed below.

Magic words (which include parser functions, variables and behavior switches) are features of wikitext that enable various instructions to be given to the MediaWiki software (for example, to suppress or position the table of contents), or else serve to produce variable output, as is often required in templates.

A quick reference for magic words can be found on this page. For more complete and updated documentation, refer to following pages on the MediaWiki site:

General information

There are three types of magic words:

Behavior switches - uppercase words surrounded by double underscores, e.g. __NOTOC__, or keywords using parser function syntax
Variables - uppercase words surrounded by double braces, e.g. {{PAGENAME}} (thus resembling templates)
Parser functions - keywords (some beginning #) in double braces with parameters after a colon, e.g. {{#expr:2+2}}

Some magic words are case-insensitive, but not all. Whitespace is stripped from the start and end of keywords and parameters, as in template syntax. Page-dependent magic words will affect or return data about the current page, even if the word is added through a transcluded template or included system message. It is possible to substitute parser functions and variables in the same way that templates are substituted (using the subst: keyword). This causes their current value (as evaluated at the time of substitution) to be written into the wikitext.

Behavior switches

For documentation, refer to the mw:Behavior Switches section of the MediaWiki page.

Word Description
__TOC__ (places a table of contents at the word's position)
__NOTOC__ (can appear anywhere in the wikitext; suppresses the table of contents)
__FORCETOC__ (can appear anywhere in the wikitext; makes a table of contents appear in its normal position above the first header)
__NOEDITSECTION__ (hides the section edit links beside headings)
__NEWSECTIONLINK__ (adds a "+" link for adding a new section on a non-"Talk" page)
__NONEWSECTIONLINK__ (removes the "+" link on "Talk" pages)
__NORICHEDITOR__ (prevents the FCK editor from being used to edit a page)
__NOGALLERY__ (on a category page, replaces thumbnails with normal links)
__HIDDENCAT__ (on a category page, makes it a hidden category)
__INDEX__ (tells search engines to index the page)
__NOINDEX__ (tells search engines not to index the page)
{{DISPLAYTITLE:title}} (changes the displayed form of the page title)
{{DEFAULTSORT:sortkey}} (sets a default category sort key)


For documentation, refer to the mw:Variables section of the MediaWiki page.

Variable Output Description
{{FULLPAGENAME}} Help:Magic words (page title including namespace)
{{PAGENAME}} Magic words (page title excluding namespace)
{{BASEPAGENAME}} Magic words (page title excluding subpage and namespace)
{{SUBPAGENAME}} Magic words (subpage part of title)
{{SUBJECTPAGENAME}} Help:Magic words (associated non-talk page)
{{TALKPAGENAME}} Help talk:Magic words (associated talk page)
{{NAMESPACE}} Help (namespace of current page)
(associated non-talk namespace)
{{TALKSPACE}} Help talk (associated talk namespace)
{{FULLPAGENAMEE}}, {{NAMESPACEE}} Help:Magic words,
etc. (URL-encoded equivalents)

The above can all take a parameter, to operate on a page other than the current page.

Variable Output Description
{{SITENAME}} FamilySearch Wiki Site name
{{SERVER}} Server
{{SERVERNAME}} Server name
{{SCRIPTPATH}} /wiki/en Script path
{{CURRENTVERSION}} 1.27.1 (current MediaWiki version)
{{REVISIONID}} 2272282 (latest revision to current page)
08, 2015,
20150827003153, Autarangel
(date, time, editor at last edit)
Mar, 28
28, 2
Tuesday, 22:17
22, 13
(current date/time variables)
{{LOCALYEAR}} 2017 etc. (as above, based on site's local time)
43,483, 2,770,474
Template:NUMBEROFVIEWS, 150,561
(statistics on FamilySearch Wiki; add :R to return numbers without commas)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} March See notes below.


Variable Output
{{ns:1}} Talk
{{ns:2}} User
{{ns:3}} User talk
{{ns:4}} FamilySearch Wiki
{{ns:5}} FamilySearch Wiki talk
{{ns:6}} File
{{ns:7}} File talk
{{ns:8}} MediaWiki
{{ns:9}} MediaWiki talk
{{ns:10}} Template
{{ns:11}} Template talk
{{ns:12}} Help
{{ns:13}} Help talk
{{ns:14}} Category
{{ns:15}} Category talk

Parser functions

These are documented at the mw:main documentation page unless otherwise stated.


Parser function Description
{{PAGESIZE:page name}} (size of page in bytes)
{{PROTECTIONLEVEL:action}} (protection level for given action on the current page)
{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname}} (number of pages in the given category)
{{NUMBERINGROUP:groupname}} (number of users in a specific group)

Add |R to return numbers without commas.


Parser function Description
{{lc:string}} (convert to lower case)
{{lcfirst:string}} (convert first character to lower case)
{{uc:string}} (convert to upper case)
{{ucfirst:string}} (convert first character to upper case)
{{formatnum:unformatted num}} (format a number with comma separators; add |R to unformat a number)
{{#formatdate:date}} (formats a date according to user preferences; a default can be given as a second parameter for users without date preference); however, please note that the community voted against the concept of date-autoformatting in the March 2009 RfC, and that there is considerable opposition to the use of this parser function.
{{padleft:xyz|stringlength}}, {{padright:xyz|stringlength}} (pad with zeros to the right or left; an alternative padding string can be given as a third parameter)
{{plural:n|is|are}} (produces alternative text according to whether n is greater than 1)
{{#time: format string | date/time object }} (for date/time formatting; also #timel for local time. Covered at the mw:extension documentation page.)


Parser function Description
{{localurl:page name}}, {{localurl:page name|query string}} (relative path to the title)
{{fullurl:page name}}, {{fullurl:page name|query_string}} (absolute path to the title)
{{filepath:file name}} (absolute URL to a media file)
{{urlencode:string}} (input encoded for use in URLs)
{{anchorencode:string}} (input encoded for use in URL section anchors)
{{ns:n}} (name for the namespace with index n; use {{nse:}} for URL-encoded equivalent)
{{#rel2abs: path }} (converts a relative file path to absolute; see the mw:extension documentation)
{{#titleparts: pagename | number of segments to return | first segment to return }} (splits title into parts; see the mw:extension documentation)

Conditional expressions

These are covered at the mw:extension documentation page. Some parameters are optional.

Parser function Description
{{#expr: expression }} (evaluates the given expression; see Help:Calculation)
{{#if: test string | value if non-empty | value if empty }} (selects one of two values based on whether the test string is empty)
{{#ifeq: string 1 | string 2 | value if equal | value if unequal }} (selects one of two values based on whether the test strings are equal – numerically if applicable)
{{#iferror: test string | value if error | value if correct }} (selects value based on whether the test string generates a parser error)
{{#ifexpr: expression | value if true | value if false }} (selects value based on evaluation of expression)
{{#ifexist: page title | value if exists | value if doesn't exist }} (selects value depending on whether a page title exists)
{{#switch: test | case1 = value for case 1 | ... | default }} (provides alternatives based on the value of the test string)

For the use of these functions in tables, see Conditional tables.

See also

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