Maryland Maps

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Maryland Map.png

Why use maps?

Maps are used to locate the places where your ancestors lived. They identify political boundaries, names of places, geographical features, cemeteries, churches, and migration routes. Historical maps and atlases are especially useful for finding communities that no longer exist.

Before searching you must know

Types of Maryland maps and where to get them

Major collections online

Library of Congress Digitized Map Collection has over 100 Maryland Maps online. A good way to find them is to do a Keyword Search on the terms Maryland Map. On the Search Results screen, click Gallery View to see pages with thumbnail-sized images that will help you quickly select the map you want.

Sanborn Maps are fire insurance maps available as part of a ProQuest subscription at some libraries, including the Family History Library and family history centers.

History of Cartography links to sites with over 100 digital maps of Maryland.

Maryland Map Collection from University of Maryland contains over 100 digitized maps of Maryland. To find the digitized maps, do a Keyword Search on .jpg Maryland.

County Maps

Maryland County Formation Maps shows every change in county boundries from 1637 to the present day. It shows a map and gives details about each change and the year the change took place.

United States Census Bureau State and County Map from the US Census Bureau is a nationwide county map. You can search for counties by name and can zoom in and see counties and neighboring counties even in other states.

Thorndale, William, and William Dollarhide. Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1987. (Family History Library book 973 X2th.) A limited view of this book is online. Includes maps that show the county boundaries for the years the U.S. federal census was taken.

Historical Atlases

           Aberdeen-Flintstone Family History Library film 1433784
Gunpowder-Myersville Family History Library film 1433785
Paw Paw-Urbana Family History Library film 1433786
Wyoming Family History Library film 1433783

Libraries and Archives

Johns Hopkins University libraries, the Enoch Pratt Free Library, the University of Maryland McKeldin Library and Hornbake Library, and the Maryland State Archives have large collections of Maryland maps and atlases. The Maryland Historical Trust Library also has a collection of 306 Maryland maps. 

Reliability of maps

Early maps are not as reliable as modern-day maps, but reliability of maps improved over time as surveying tools improved. Even though early or primitive maps may not be correct in terms of scale or relative positioning, they are still a good source of the names people used for various jurisdictions and geographic features.


What to do next


atlas | gazetteer | jurisdiction

See Also 

Maryland Gazetteers | United States Maps
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