McKinley County, New Mexico Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png New Mexico Gotoarrow.png McKinley County

Guide to McKinley County, New Mexico ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.


McKinley County, New Mexico
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Mexico
Location of New Mexico in the U.S.
Founded January 1, 1901
County Seat Gallup
Address McKinley County Courthouse
200 W Hill Avenue
Gallup, NM 87301-6309
Phone: 505.863.6866
McKinley County Website


County Information

McKinley County, New Mexico Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1901 1910 1901 1901

County Courthouse

McKinley County Courthouse
200 W Hill Ave;
Gallup, NM 87301-6309
Phone: 505.863.6866 

County Clerk has birth records 1907-1958, probate and land records from 1901, and voter registeration; District Court Clerk has divorce records.[1]


Parent County

  • Up until 1821New Spain controlled land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to an archives in Seville, Spain, or to archives in Mexico City.
  • From 1821 until 1846Mexico had jurisdiction over the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to archives in Mexico City. Starting in 1846 United States forces occupied New Mexico during the Mexican-American War.
  • 1848 -  Land that became McKinley County formally became a part of the United States when the Mexican-American War ended with ratification of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
  • 1901--McKinley County was created 1 January 1901 (law dated 23 February 1899) from Bernalillo County.[1] [2]


McKinley County is a county located in the northwestern section of the state of New Mexico.

McKinley County was created 23 February 1899. It was named for William McKinley who was the 25th president of the United States. The county seat is Gallup. Gallup is the center of American Indian Inter-tribal Ceremonial. McKinley boasts a lumber industry, oil refinery, coal mining, and uranium production. It has within its boundaries the Navajo reservation and other Indian lands and ancient attractions.[3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating New Mexico County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation New Mexico County Boundary Maps" (1845-1981) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Populated Places [5]

  • Gallup (county seat)
Census-designated places
  • Black Rock
  • Brimhall Nizhoni
  • Church Rock
  • Crownpoint
  • Crystal
  • Nakaibito
  • Navajo
  • Pueblo Pintado
  • Ramah
  • Rock Springs
  • Thoreau
  • Tohatchi
  • Tse Bonito
  • Twin Lakes
  • Yah-ta-hey
  • Zuni Pueblo
Unincorporated communities
  • Borrego Pass
  • Chi Chil Tah
  • Continental Divide
  • Gamerco
  • Jamestown
  • Pinedale
  • Prewitt
  • Rehoboth
  • Smith Lake
  • Vanderwagen

Neighboring Counties



Ramah Cemetery in Ramah NM

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
NMGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
NMGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
NM Interment
Billion Graves
See New Mexico Cemeteries for more information.


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1910 12,963
1920 13,731 5.9%
1930 20,643 50.3%
1940 23,641 14.5%
1950 27,451 16.1%
1960 37,209 35.5%
1970 43,208 16.1%
1980 56,449 30.6%
1990 60,686 7.5%
2000 74,798 23.3%
2010 71,492 −4.4%
Source: "".
State Census Records
Federal Census Records

Federal Censuses were taken for New Mexico starting in 1850. For links to Federal census indexes, see New Mexico Census.


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about New Mexico denominations, view the New Mexico Church Records wiki page.


Parish registers (baptisms, marriages, and burials) are available online for the following years:

FS = FamilySearch - free[6]
Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe, Zuni, Parish Registers Online


Indexes Images Indexes Images Indexes Images
FS 1725-1772 1725-1772 1697-1771 1697-1771


LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Gallup
  • Ramah



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New Mexico Land and Property for additional information about early New Mexico land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

The primary function of the McKinley County Clerk is to file and record documents of all kinds, including all land documents, maps and plats for the county, subdivision maps and surveys, legal descriptions, bills of sale, and property tax liens.
   McKinley county Clerks Office

   McKinley county NM Courthouse
   207 West Hill St
   Gallup, NM 87301
Online Land Records

Local Histories

Local histories are available for McKinley County, New Mexico Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section New Mexico Local Histories.




Revolutionary War
Civil War
World War I
World War II



Online Probate Records

Since statehood in 1912, probate matters have been under the jurisdiction of probate courts in each county. Records of guardianship and adoption have usually been transferred to the district courts. In 1953 the district courts were given concurrent jurisdiction with the probate court over all probate matters in each county.

See the wiki page New Mexico Probate Records for information about how to find earlier probate records.

The Family History Library does not have copies of the New Mexico county probate records. They are available at each county courthouse. You can obtain copies by contacting the county clerk.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, and adoption.


New Mexico tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the Wiki page New Mexico Taxation.

Vital Records


Societies and Libraries

Gallup Historical Society, Inc.
300 West Historic 66 Avenue
Gallup, New Mexico, 87301
Telephone: 505-863-1363

Red Rock Historical Society
PO Box 328
Gallup, New Mexico, 87305-0328

Luna County Historical Society
301 S. Silver Ave.
Deming, NM 88030
Telephone: 575-546-2382

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Web Sites


  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), McKinley County, New Mexico page 474, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. N.M. Terr. Laws 1899, 33d assy., ch. 19/pp. 43-45
  3. accessed 09/29/2016
  4. N.M. Terr. Laws 1901, 34th assy., ch. 39/pp. 75-79
  6. FamilySearch Catalog. Accessed 12 May 2016.