Meagher County, Montana Genealogy

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United StatesGotoarrow.png Montana Gotoarrow.png Meagher County

Guide to Meagher County, Montana ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


County Facts
County seat: White Sulphur Springs
Organized: November 16, 1867
Parent County(s): Original county[1]
Neighboring Counties
Broadwater  • Cascade  • Gallatin  • Judith Basin  • Lewis and Clark  • Park  • Sweet Grass  • Wheatland
See County Maps
Location Map
Map of Montana highlighting Meagher County.png
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County Information


It was founded 1867. The County Seat is White Sulphur Springs. Meagher County was named for Thomas Francis Meagher, territorial governor of Montana.[2] Meagher County is located in the central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse

Meagher County Courthouse
15 W Main Street
PO Box 309
White Sulphur Springs, MT 59645
Phone: 406.547.3612
Meagher County Website

County Clerk and Recorder has birth and death records from 1896, burial records from 1884 and land records from 1866;
Clerk Court has marriage and probate records from 1866, divorce, court and naturalization records from 1867 [4]

Meagher County, Montana Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
* For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Parent County: created 16 November 1867 as an original county
County seat: White Sulphur Springs [5]

Populated Places

The following are locations in the county from Wikipedia: [6]

Unincorporated communites
Census-designated places
Ghost towns


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Meagher County, Montana online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Montana Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 1,387
1880 2,743 97.8%
1890 4,749 73.1%
1900 2,526 −46.8%
1910 4,190 65.9%
1920 2,622 −37.4%
1930 2,272 −13.3%
1940 2,237 −1.5%
1950 2,079 −7.1%
1960 2,616 25.8%
1970 2,122 −18.9%
1980 2,154 1.5%
1990 1,819 −15.6%
2000 1,932 6.2%
2010 1,891 −2.1%
Source: [1]

Federal Census Records

Federal Censuses were taken for Montana starting in 1870. For links to federal census indexes, see Montana Census.

Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Montana denominations, view the Montana Church Records wiki page.

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Montana Land and Property for additional information about early Montana land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Online Land Records

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Meagher County, Montana Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Montana Local Histories.

  • The Smith River Journal: A History from Lewis & Clark to 1979. c1979. By Smith River Historical Society (Great Falls, Montana). Great Falls, Montana : Smith River Historical Society. At various libraries(WorldCat).

Online County Histories

Maps and Gazetteers

Meagher County


Military Records

Online Collections

These collections are unique to Montana. You will find nationwide databases for military records on U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records and Montana Military Records.
Civil War

World War I

World War II

For further information see Montana Military Records.

Naturalization and Citizenship


Montana Newspapers Online

Montana Newspaper Catalogs

  • U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present on Chronicling America - contains a list of all known newspapers and the dates they cover; once you locate a newspaper name, contact the local library to see if they have copies of the newspaper

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Meagher County, Montana Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


See also United States Obituaries for more about finding United States obituaries.

Other Records


Probate Records

In most counties in Montana, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, inventories, claim registers, inheritance records, probate packets, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Montana, Meagher - Probate records.

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Montana tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most birth and death original records can be purchased from the Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. For information about marriages, divorces, and requirements for obtaining any vital records, see the CDC Where to Write website.





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.





Research Guides


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. accessed 11/18/2016
  3.,_Montana accessed 11/18/2016
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 417.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Meagher County, Montana," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Montana, accessed 8 December 2016.