Mexico Finding Records
Mexico Finding Records
To find church, civil or other records for your ancestor in Mexico using the FamilySearch catalog, you will need to know the various levels of jurisdictions (government or religious administrative divisions) in Mexico. Only three locality levels are normally used. The country of Mexico is divided into states (estados), municipalities (municipios), and cities, towns, villages, etc.
Under the municipality level you will find civil registration records. In large cities there may be several offices. Some small towns may not be their own municipality and therefore their records will not be kept in the town. You will need to determine the correct municipality or municipio in order to locate the civil registration records. Municipality records will be located in the FamilySearch catalog under the name of the municipio. You can find here the civil registration offices
Church records are listed in the catalog under the city or town where the parish is located. A parish is an ecclesiastical jurisdiction where a Catholic priest serves and keeps records. The parish is usually named for a Saint and is located in the largest town in the parish jurisdiction. Large cities may have many parishes while a small town usually only has one.
Place Levels (Jurisdictions)
Places are usually written from smallest to largest on a family group record. Municipios are not usually listed:
Colonia Dublán, Chihuahua, Mexico
City/town, State, Country
Colonia Dublán belongs to the municipio of Casas Grandes, and you will need to know this to find the civil registration records in the FamilySearch Catalog, but when writing the localities on your family group, the municipio is not listed.
When you want to include the parish, which is especially important in large cities, in your locality field you would write it in the following manner:
Santa Cruz, Casas Grandes, Chihuahua, Mexico
Parish, City/town, State, Country
The parish of Santa Cruz is located in the city of Casas Grandes.
To find your localities, see the following sources:
- Because some place names and boundaries have changed or no longer exist, you may need to use an old gazetteer that describes places as they were known in earlier times, such as: Diccionario Geográfico,Histórico y biográfico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos. By Antonio García Cubas, Murguia, México, 1888-1891. FHL INTL Book 972 E5g 5 vols. FHL INTL Film 1102587-1102588. You may also view a digitized copy of this book online from the Biblioteca Digital Daniel Cosío Villegas.
- Very small places in Mexico, like ranches or haciendas, may not appear in the gazetteer. You may need to use IX Censo General de población, 1970: Localidades por entidad federativa y municipio con algunas características de su población y viviendas. By Dirección General de Estadística, México, D.F.: Talleres Gráficos de la Nación, 1973. FHL INTL Book 972 X22m 3 vols. FHL INTL Film 1102980-102981. This is organized by state, then municipality, and finally the ranches and haciendas.
- Google Maps is a great place to figure out distances between towns.
To find your Catholic parish, see the following sources:
- You can learn if your ancestor’s town or city had an established parish by checking a Catholic church directory. It will list the archdiocese officials and the dioceses with their parishes, so you can easily determine all nearby parishes. It may include historical information about each parish, and sometimes it provides addresses for parishes, the diocese headquarters, and the diocese archives where additional records may be kept.
- Another useful resource for finding parishes in Mexico is the Directorio Nacional de Parroquias Mexicanas. These are organized according to Dioceses or Archdiocese. It then gives information about each of the parishes within that Diocese.
If your ancestor came from a large city that had several parishes, you will need to know what section of the city he or she lived in to determine what parish he or she belonged to. However, in a large city such as Chihuahua or Mexico City, you may find that even if you know the closest parish, sometimes the family went to the cathedral or the parish of a relative in the same city for the baptism of a child. If you do not find the complete family in the home parish, search the surrounding parishes of the city.
If your family lived in a very small village that did not have an established parish, you will need to check a map, church directory, or gazetteer to determine which nearby town had a parish.
Records from FamilySearch
Once you have identified the name and jurisdiction of the town of your ancestors you will want to check the FamilySearch Catalog and FamilySearch Record Collections for records about your ancestors. For more information about how to search the FamilySearch catalog you will want to read Using the FamilySearch Catalog.
To search the catalog, as well as indexed records and images available online from FamilySearch, you will need to visit FamilySearch.org. To find the record collections for Mexico, scroll down the page and click on Mexico.