Mississippi, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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Mississippi, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865 .
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Mississippi, United States|
|Flag of Mississippi|
|Location of Mississippi|
|Record Type||Civil War|
What is in the Collection?
The collection consists of Union service records of soldiers who served in organizations from Mississippi for the years 1861 to 1865. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in the muster rolls:
- Name of soldier
- Rank, company and battalion
- Physical description
- Place of birth
- Enlistment date
- Where enlisted and by whom
- Length of enlistment
For each military unit, the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s - 1917, and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M404. Index courtesy of www.fold3.com (previously Footnote.com).
Service records were kept for each Union soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier.
The records are in individual files which usually include the following:
- A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, rank, and the unit in which he served
- A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports
- The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier
The index to these records contains the following:
- Jacket name
- Soldier’s full name
- Age (often estimated)
- Military unit served in
- Type of records in file
- NARA publication number, title, and roll number
How Do I Search the Collection?
To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:
- Name of the soldier
- Identifying information such as the age and military unit where served
To search this collection by name:
Fill in the requested information on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor. Keep in mind:
- There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
- You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
- Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
- If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
- Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.
What Do I Do Next?
When you have located your ancestor’s service record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:
- Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date.
- Use the age and location of the military unit to find the soldier’s family in census, church, and land records.
- Continue to search the index and records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have served in the same unit or a nearby unit.
- When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
- If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, check for variant spellings of the surnames.
|Don't overlook FHL Keyword Mississippi, Civil War items in the FamilySearch Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see the wiki article Mississippi Archives and Libraries. For additional information about this state see the wiki article Mississippi.|
Related Wiki Articles
- Mississippi in the Civil War
- Union Service Records
- United States Civil War 1861 to 1865, Part 1
- United States Civil War 1861 to 1865, Part 2
- Mississippi Military Records
How You Can Contribute
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Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.
Citing this Collection
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
- "Mississippi, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. From "Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Mississippi." Database. Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : n.d. Citing NARA microfilm publication M404. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1963.
Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):
|The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Mississippi, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865.|