Missouri, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|Access the Records|
Missouri, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865 .
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Missouri, United States|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|Seal of the National Archives|
|Record Type||Compiled Service Records|
|Record Group||RG 94: Records of the Adjutant General's Office|
|Microfilm Publication||M405. Compiled Military Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers who Served in Organizations from the State of Missouri. 854 rolls.|
|National Archives Identifier||586957|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 What is in the Collection?
- 2 What Can these Records Tell Me?
- 3 How Do I Search the Collection?
- 4 What Do I Do Next?
- 5 Citing this Collection
- 6 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What is in the Collection?
The collection consists of Union service records of soldiers who served from Missouri for the years 1861 to1865. The following records are found in the various muster rolls:
- Name of soldier
- Rank, Company and Battalion
- Date and place of enlistment
- By whom enlisted
- Length of enlistment
- Payment for service
- Discharge date
- Remarks regarding discharge, desertion or death
For each military unit the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s - 1917, and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M405. Index courtesy of www.fold3.com (previously Footnote.com).
Service records were kept for each Union soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier.
What Can these Records Tell Me?
The index to these records contains the following:
- Jacket name
- Soldier’s full name
- Age (often estimated)
- Military unit served in
- Type of records in file
- NARA publication number, title, and roll number
These records also usually include the following:
- A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, rank, and the unit in which he served
- A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports
- The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier
How Do I Search the Collection?
You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search it is helpful to know:
- The name of your ancestor
- The age
Search the Index
Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page then:
- Fill in the search boxes with the information you know.
- Click Search. This will provide possible a list of matches.
How Do I Analyze the Results?
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.
For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.
What Do I Do Next?
I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?
- Use the age to calculate a birth date and to find other records such as birth, christening, census, land and death records.
- Use the information to find additional family members. Witnesses or bondsmen were usually relatives.
- Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
- Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.
I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now?
- Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
- Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
- If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
- Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images.
- Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
- Search the indexes and records of Missouri, United States Genealogy.
- Search in the Missouri Archives and Libraries.
- Search in the FamilySearch Library Catalog
Citing this Collection
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
- "Missouri, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing "Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations From the State of Missouri." Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : n.d. NARA microfilm publication M405. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1964.
Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
| We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records. |
Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.