Missouri, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Missouri, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865 .
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Missouri, United States
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Record Description
Record Type Compiled Service Records
Record Group RG 94: Records of the Adjutant General's Office
Collection years 1861-1865
Microfilm Publication M405. Compiled Military Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers who Served in Organizations from the State of Missouri. 854 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 586957
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
  • Ancestry ($) Searchable Civil War service records
National Archives and Records Administration

What is in the Collection?

The collection consists of Union service records of soldiers who served from Missouri for the years 1861 to1865. The following records are found in the various muster rolls:

  • Name of soldier
  • Rank, Company and Battalion
  • Date and place of enlistment
  • By whom enlisted
  • Length of enlistment
  • Payment for service
  • Discharge date
  • Remarks regarding discharge, desertion or death

For each military unit the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s - 1917, and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M405. Index courtesy of www.fold3.com (previously Footnote.com).

Service records were kept for each Union soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier.

This index was created to provide quick access to compiled service records.

The information in this index is quite reliable. However, keep in mind that even though this index is very accurate it still may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings or misinterpretations.

Collection Content

The records are in individual files which usually include the following:

  • A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, rank, and the unit in which he served
  • A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports
  • The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier

The index to these records contains the following:

  • Jacket name
  • Soldier’s full name
  • Year
  • Age (often estimated)
  • Military unit served in
  • Type of records in file
  • NARA publication number, title, and roll number

How Do I Search the Collection?

Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:
Fill in the requested information on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

When you have located your ancestor’s service record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:

  • Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date.
  • Use the age and location of the military unit to find the soldier’s family in census, church, and land records.
  • Continue to search the index and records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have served in the same unit or a nearby unit.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
  • If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, check for variant spellings of the surnames.

Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation

"Missouri, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing "Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations From the State of Missouri." Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : n.d. NARA microfilm publication M405. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1964.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Missouri, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865.

How You Can Contribute

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Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.