Monroe County, Florida Genealogy

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Guide to Monroe County, Florida ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Monroe County, Florida
Map
Map of Florida highlighting Monroe County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the U.S. highlighting Florida
Location of Florida in the U.S.
Facts
Founded July 3, 1823
County Seat Key West
Courthouse
FloridaMonroeCourthouse.jpg
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County Information

Monroe County, Florida Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1826 1830 1826 1888

County Courthouse

Monroe County Courthouse
500 Whitehead St;
Key West, FL 33040
Phone: 305.292.3540 

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce,
probate and court and land records from 1853. [2]

History

Parent County

1823--Monroe County was created 3 July 1823 from St. Johns County.
County seat: Key West [3]

FLGenWeb Project History of Monroe County

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Florida county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Florida County Boundary Maps" (1821-1997) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Cemeteries


Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
FLGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
FLGenWeb Archives Veterans Administration National Cemeteries
Tombstone Project Interment.net
Florida Gravestones
Billion Graves

Census

For tips on accessing Monroe County, Florida Genealogy census records online, see: Florida Census.

  • 1783 Spanish Census USGenWeb
  • 1821 Census/Tax List Index USGenWeb
  • 1823 Census/Tax List Index USGenWeb
  • 1880 Census African Born Blacks and Mulattos USGenWeb
  • Federal Census Information from National Archives USGenWeb
  • State Census Information from Florida State Archives USGenWeb
  • Census of Pensioners Revolutionary Military Service USGenWeb

Church

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Florida denominations, view the Florida Church Records wiki page.

Court

Directories

FLGenWeb Project Directories of Monroe Co.

1913 Burtz' Gainesville Directory 1913
1906-1907 Key West Directory 1906-1907
1912 Key West, The Old and the New 1912 Key West and Monroe County, FLorida

Immigration

Online Records

1834 - 1897 Immigration of Russians to the United States
1/12/1846 -12/31/1851 Irish Famine
1850 - 1897 Germans to the United States
1855 - 1900 Italians to the United States

Land

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Florida Land and Property for additional information about early Florida land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Letters

Letters Home, Monroe County, The FLGenWeb Project

Maps

Flmonroe.png

Military

Civil War
Korean War
Vietnam War

Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Monroe County, Florida Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries

Photos

Penny Postcards from Monroe Co., The FLGenWeb Project

Probate

Probate records are held by the Monroe County, Florida Genealogy Clerk of Court and are housed at the Monroe County, Florida Genealogy Courthouse. See the wiki page Florida Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, and adoptions.

Online Records

Taxation

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Florida Taxation.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Monroe County, Florida Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Florida Local Histories.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online. See also How to order Florida Vital Records

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Florida.

Birth Records
Birth Records
  • 1880 - 1935 FamilySearch Florida, Births and Christenings, 1880-1935
Death Records
Divorce Records
Marriage Records
  • 1837 - 1974 FamilySearch Florida, Marriages, 1837-1974
  • 1830 - 1993 FamilySearch Florida, Marriages, 1830-1993
  • 1822 - 1875 and 1927 - 2001 FamilySearch Florida, Marriage Index, 1822-1875 and 1927-2001

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.


Surnames and Family

Web Sites

References

  1. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 123-139. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Monroe County, Florida Page 136 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).